The Truth about Thai Labour

The Truth about Thai Labour The facts on the use of child labor, forced labor and human trafficking in Thailand and the effort of Thai government to eradicate them THAILAND LEADING ON HUMAN RIGHTS Prosecution and Law Enforcement The Royal Thai Government is committed to bringing an end to human trafficking and has made that goal a top national priority.

We want our public and private sector partners around the world to know that the people of Thailand care about our citizens and our guest workers, and we are determined to eradicate human trafficking which runs counter to our nation's core values. Thailand has significantly stepped up law enforcement efforts to ensure that criminals who engage in human trafficking end up where they belong - behind bars. After years of putting in place a legal and bureaucratic framework to address these often complicated issues, Thailand is now seeing major progress in the area of law enforcement. We believe our model of law enforcement will continue to yield results and can serve as an example for our countries in our region. Thailand's progress in the area of law enforcement includes: Nearly 700 (674) trafficking cases investigated (120% increase over 2012) by Thai government officials in 2013. Just under 500 (483) forced labor and/or human trafficking defendants prosecuted (419% increase over 2012) in the Thai judicial system in 2013. Over 200 (225) forced labor and/or human trafficking defendants were convicted in the Thai judicial system (359% increase over 2012) and punished for their crimes in 2013. Establishment of the Royal Thai Government Anti Money Laundering Office which issues seizure/freezing orders worth 35 million baht in 2013. 28,280 Royal Thai Police inspections in high risk locations such as places reputed for commercial sex or forced labor in 2013. 40,963 inspections by Thai government officials of seafood processing industry, shrimp industry, garment factories, and small scale workplaces in 2013. Royal Thai Marine Police routine and un-announced inspections of 837 fishing boats in 2013. Royal Thai Navy routine and un-announced boarding, and inspection of fishing 9,590 vessels in 2013. In the area of prosecution and conviction, Thailand has made remarkable progress, dramatically increasing the number of investigations, prosecutions and convictions in the past year, with sustained momentum during the first quarter of 2014. Thailand's strategy for eliminating human trafficking is built around a 5Ps' approach which stands for Prosecution and Law Enforcement, Protection and Recovery, Prevention, Policy and Mechanisms to drive policy, and Partnerships - meaning prosecuting and holding criminals accountable, protecting victims of forced labor and trafficking, visible, multilingual prevention programs that empower victims and potential victims, policies to strengthen Thai labor laws and penalties, and partnerships with NGOs and public and private sector stakeholders. THAILAND LEADING ON HUMAN RIGHTS Protection and Recovery For The Royal Thai Government assisting the victims of human trafficking comes first. Victims of human trafficking come from all walks of life and need our compassion, love and support. Our number one concern is making them whole and providing them the resources to reclaim their lives. Thailand has made tremendous strides to assist victims and provide them with the necessary support they need. Our shelters help by providing trafficking victims with safety, privacy, nutrition, counseling, health care, education and financial support. We also work with trafficking victims to give them the courage and confidence to testify against their captors in order to put the bad guys away. Thailand's success in the areas of Protection and Recovery includes: •Nearly 700 (681) trafficking victims were placed in shelters (27% increase over 2012) •Almost 100 (75) victims in criminal cases received 2,169,000 baht in compensation •Over 500 (525 victims) received 4,359,227 baht from the Anti Trafficking Fund •Roughly 70 (68) trafficked victims in civil cases received 17,384,311 baht •Approximately 130 (128) victims were allowed to work outside shelters earned 1,420,345 baht •Created the Committee of Women and Child Labor Help Center in central and provincial levels. •Implemented 1,567 projects with a budget of 154,534,866 Baht under the action plan to eliminate child labor. •Improved the One Stop Crisis Center to address critical areas such as teen pregnancy, human trafficking, Child Labor and violence against children, women, the elderly and the handicapped. •Children's welfare shelters set up in nearly 80 (77) locations throughout the country. •Establishment of the Child Protection Response System (CPRS) that is a child protection service system that is linked to the system under a Case Manager (CM) at the local district level and is used to protect vulnerable children. THAILAND LEADING ON HUMAN RIGHTS Prevention The Royal Thai Government believes the best way to deal with human trafficking is to prevent it from happening in the first place. Our strategy is to eliminate the root causes of trafficking and put in place safeguards for workers, especially migrant workers. Since human trafficking is a global problem that impacts every major country, prevention programs need to work in coordination with our international partners and regional neighbors. While prevention education will take time, our progress in this area is making a real difference. Thailand's success in the areas of Prevention includes: In 2013 Thailand advanced an increase number of programs that protected workers, especially vulnerable migrant workers, decreased debt bondage and met labor workforce needs. 2013 forced labor, trafficking and smuggling prevention milestones included: Implementation of increased government job placement promotion programs to cut out job brokers and protect job seekers from deception. In 2013, nearly 15,000 Thai workers were used a government sponsored program to secure jobs overseas saving 2,959,966,680 baht (or several hundred million U.S dollars in broker fees); Establishment of a One Stop Crisis Center for Thai trafficking victims at Suvarnabhumi Airport which identifying and assisted 63 victims; Collaboration between the multi Thai Government Ministries, the International Labor Organization (ILO), the private sector and the U.S. Department of Labor to develop Good Labor Practices (GLPs) for the Thai seafood and shrimp industries. These best practice guidelines were distributed broadly in Thailand to business leaders and entrepreneurs as criteria for working and employment conditions; Deployment of an additional trained interpreters to help laborers fully access and understand their entitled rights in areas of Thailand known to have a large numbers of foreign laborers; Deployment of Ministry of Labor education and training meetings throughout Thailand to promote understanding and study of hazardous work.; Implementation of proactive measures to raise awareness and encourage business leaders and entrepreneurs to seek compliance with best practices; and Thailand's strategy for eliminating human trafficking is built around a 5Ps'approach which stands for Prosecution and Law Enforcement, Protection and Recovery, Prevention, Policy and Mechanisms to drive policy, and Partnerships - meaning prosecuting and holding criminals accountable, protecting victims of forced labor and trafficking, visible, multilingual prevention programs that empower victims and potential victims, policies to strengthen Thai labor laws and penalties, and partnerships with NGOs and public and private sector stakeholders. THAILAND LEADING ON HUMAN RIGHTS Policy and Mechanisms The Royal Thai Government has instituted public policies that elevate anti-trafficking as a top national priority. Thailand has taken a leadership role in the region on these issues and is promoting public policies that are making significant progress in addressing labor and human rights issues. Recent major public policy initiatives include: Implementation and increased funding for the national 5 P's strategic plan centered on the areas of Prosecution and Law Enforcement, Protection and recovery, Prevention, Policy and Mechanisms, and Partnerships. Funding for this far reaching approach will more than double in 2014. Thailand ratified and became state party to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children on 16 November 2013. Thailand promulgated the Act on Prevention and Suppression of Participation in a Transnational Organized Crime Group, B.E. 2556 (2013) and the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. 2551 (2008), in line with the provisions of the Convention. Thailand's strategy for eliminating human trafficking is built around a 5Ps' approach which stands for Prosecution and Law Enforcement, Protection and Recovery, Prevention, Policy and Mechanisms to drive policy, and Partnerships - meaning prosecuting and holding criminals accountable, protecting victims of forced labor and trafficking, visible, multilingual prevention programs that empower victims and potential victims, policies to strengthen Thai labor laws and penalties, and partnerships with NGOs and public and private sector stakeholders. THAILAND LEADING ON HUMAN RIGHTS Partnerships The Royal Thai Government and the people of Thailand have been working around the clock and around the globe in close collaboration with neighboring countries, industry and NGOs to stop human trafficking and smuggling and bring criminals to justice. The multi-lateral cooperation is lead by Thailand and includes investigations, multi-lateral prevention programs and special focused support for reintegration of victims. Human trafficking runs counter to our nation's core values. Our commitment to bringing a stop to human trafficking in our region and in Thailand is unwavering. Thailand is ready for collaborations with the U.S. and International Organizations to improve these issues. There is ongoing collaboration between the multi Thai Government Ministries, the International Labor Organization (ILO), the private sector and the U.S. These best practice guidelines were distributed broadly in Thailand to business leaders and entrepreneurs as criteria for working and employment conditions; Working in cooperation with the International Labor Organization (ILO), Thailand achieved the following in 2013: Training courses on rights and duties under the Labor Protection Act in 75 Provincial Offices of Labor Protection and Welfare; Guidance on and posters of labor protection were published in multiple languages (Myanmese, Laotian, and Cambodian languages); The labor protection network was enhanced and extended to support the labor inspection system. There were 45,979 persons who joined the labor protection network in 2013; The migrant labor protection network was established and structured to provide knowledge and information on forced labor, human trafficking, and duties and rights under labor protection laws; The project on prevention against and resolution of child labor was operated by providing education and information to young workers of establishments in communities and villages with a total of 150,228 people attending the project; and The National Policy and Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor has been implemented.

หน้าที่: Recent major public policy initiatives include: - Implementation and increased funding for the national 5 P's strategic plan centered on the areas of Prosecution and Law Enforcement, Protection and recovery, Prevention, Policy and Mechanisms, and Partnerships. Funding for this far reaching approach will more than double in 2014. - Thailand ratified and became state party to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children on 16 November 2013. - Thailand promulgated the Act on Prevention and Suppression of Participation in a Transnational Organized Crime Group, B.E. 2556 (2013) and the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. 2551 (2008), in line with the provisions of the Convention.

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The Royal Thai Government is committed to bringing an end to human trafficking and has made that goal a top national priority. We want our public and private sector partners around the world to know that the people of Thailand care about our citizens and our guest workers, and we are determined to eradicate human trafficking which runs counter to our nation's core values. Thailand has significantly stepped up law enforcement efforts to ensure that criminals who engage in human trafficking end up where they belong - behind bars. After years of putting in place a legal and bureaucratic framework to address these often complicated issues, Thailand is now seeing major progress in the area of law enforcement. We believe our model of law enforcement will continue to yield results and can serve as an example for our countries in our region.

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