National Science Foundation (NSF)

National Science Foundation (NSF) NSF is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950. We fund a significant proportion of federally supported basic research.
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The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950. For official source information about NSF, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF-supported researchers at Princeton University  have achieved a breakthrough in what Albert Einstein once called "spo...
01/05/2024

NSF-supported researchers at Princeton University have achieved a breakthrough in what Albert Einstein once called "spooky action at a distance." They have linked together individual molecules in quantum "entanglement," a bizarre state in which molecules can interact simultaneously โ€“ even if they're on opposite sides of the universe.

Researchers call it a breakthrough in the world of molecules because of the fundamental importance of quantum entanglement and because entangled molecules can be the building blocks for many future applications.

Those applications include quantum computers that can solve problems at far greater speed than conventional ones, quantum simulators that can model incredibly complex materials and quantum sensors that can measure much faster than their traditional counterparts.

Want to learn more? Visit https://bit.ly/48LLmmV

๐Ÿ“ธ: Richard Soden/Princeton

Ever wonder how creatures thrive in the icy cold waters of Antarctica?Evolving to have white blood is one way. ๐ŸฅถA new Un...
01/05/2024

Ever wonder how creatures thrive in the icy cold waters of Antarctica?

Evolving to have white blood is one way. ๐Ÿฅถ

A new University of Oregon study on how fishes adapted to the icy, oxygen-rich waters of the Southern Ocean and explains how white-blooded icefishes evolved to be the only vertebrates without . ๐Ÿฉธ

Read the article to find out more: https://bit.ly/3RPAv4k

๐Ÿ“ท Thomas Desvignes

Wonder what it's like to bring the world's largest animal to the world's largest screen? ๐Ÿ“ฝ ๐ŸŒŠPlunge ๐ŸŠโ€โ™€๏ธ behind the scene...
01/04/2024

Wonder what it's like to bring the world's largest animal to the world's largest screen? ๐Ÿ“ฝ ๐ŸŒŠ

Plunge ๐ŸŠโ€โ™€๏ธ behind the scenes to the making of the stunning IMAXยฎ/Giant Screen film "Blue Whales: Return of the Giants," narrated by award-winning actor Andy Serkis.

Hear Jared Lipworth, head of studio and executive producer at HHMI Tangled Bank Studios, discuss the challenges and triumphs of bringing such a tremendous film to the giant screen. ๐ŸŽฌ

Award-winning actor, Andy Serkis, narrates this stunning IMAXยฎ/Giant Screen film that brought the worldโ€™s largest animal to the worldโ€™s largest screen, BLUE ...

January is National Mentoring Month. To celebrate, over the next few weeks we will highlight award-winning mentors and t...
01/03/2024

January is National Mentoring Month. To celebrate, over the next few weeks we will highlight award-winning mentors and their favorite mentoring tips. Check out the PAESMEM alumni highlights webpage to learn more about the wonderful alumni: https://bit.ly/41LZt9h

"Coscientist," a lab partner who knows all the answers. ๐Ÿงช๐Ÿฅผ๐Ÿค–A team of scientists led by Carnegie Mellon University create...
01/02/2024

"Coscientist," a lab partner who knows all the answers. ๐Ÿงช๐Ÿฅผ๐Ÿค–

A team of scientists led by Carnegie Mellon University created an artificial intelligence-driven system that can learn complex Nobel Prize-winning chemical reactions and design successful lab procedures in record time.

is equipped with several different software modules that allow it to research public information about chemical compounds, find and read technical manuals on how to control robotic lab equipment, write code to carry out experiments, and analyze the resulting data.

The system shows the potential to use to increase the speed and number of scientific discoveries, as well as improve the replicability and reliability of experimental results.

"This is the first time that a non-organic intelligence planned, designed and executed this complex reaction that was invented by humans," says Carnegie Mellon University chemist and chemical engineer Gabe Gomes.

https://bit.ly/4aDWgwG

๐ŸŽฅ Carnegie Mellon University

Meet "Coscientist," your new AI lab partner, and maybe best friend.The AI-driven system, led by Carnegie Mellon Universi...
12/29/2023

Meet "Coscientist," your new AI lab partner, and maybe best friend.

The AI-driven system, led by Carnegie Mellon University and published in Nature, is capable of "learning" about a Nobel Prize-winning chemical reaction and then designing a successful laboratory procedure to make it, and in record time. ๐Ÿ˜ณ

The system shows the potential to use to increase the pace and number of scientific discoveries and improve the replicability and reliability of experimental results.

https://bit.ly/47wNqOJ



๐Ÿ“ท NSF

Few people can trek to a mountaintop in Chile to stargaze. ๐ŸŒŸ Now, NSF's NOIRLab is offering the chance to go behind the ...
12/28/2023

Few people can trek to a mountaintop in Chile to stargaze. ๐ŸŒŸ

Now, NSF's NOIRLab is offering the chance to go behind the scenes at its world-class observatories virtually via a free, bilingual, downloadable planetarium show called "Big Astronomy: People, Places and Discoveries."

The film transports viewers to the Andes, where the dark skies and dry, remote setting create ideal conditions for observing the cosmos. It introduces the diverse people who push the limits of technology, enable scientific discovery and expand what we know about the universe.

Want to learn more? Visit https://bit.ly/48boltv

๐Ÿ“ธ: Big Astronomy

What happens when paleontologists and engineers collaborate? They turn ancient animals into robots, of course! โš™An inter...
12/26/2023

What happens when paleontologists and engineers collaborate? They turn ancient animals into robots, of course! โš™

An international team, including researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, used to engineer a robotic replica of a pleurocystitid, a marine organism that existed nearly 450 million years ago and is thought to be one of the first echinoderms (phylum that includes starfish and sea urchins) capable of movement using a muscular stem.

The team hopes their research will broaden the modern outlook of animal design and movement by introducing a new field of study โ€” paleobionics โ€” aimed at using softbotics, robotics with flexible electronics and soft materials, to understand the biomechanical factors that drove evolution using extinct organisms.

By studying the evolution of the movement of ancient animals, researchers can create more effective robots that mimic animals' natural agility.

Learn more: https://bit.ly/3GYxgCK

๐Ÿ“ทCarnegie Mellon University

๐ŸŒฒ Celebrate today,  , with the enchanting   and blog series "Pacific Northwest: Getting to Know the  Ecological Observat...
12/23/2023

๐ŸŒฒ Celebrate today, , with the enchanting and blog series "Pacific Northwest: Getting to Know the Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) Domains." ๐Ÿ—บ

Journey through one of the 20 ecologically rich NEON ecoclimate domains and the field sites along the coast of northern California, Oregon, Washington and southeastern Alaska and learn about the mostly temperate coniferous research sites. Heavily forested by evergreens like Douglas fir and western red cedars, these areas are the habitat of diverse species, like black bears, woodpeckers, cougars, bald eagles, river otters and more. ๐Ÿฆฆ

Many of the NEON sampling plots in the area are in old-growth forests, giving researchers an opportunity to gather data from relatively pristine northwestern forest habitats, with some trees aged up to 500-years old!

NSF's NEON is a continental-scale observation facility designed to collect standardized, long-term open access ecological data on a continental scale to better understand how the U.S. ecosystems are changing.

Read the story: https://bit.ly/48aErn9.



๐Ÿ“ท ยฉ 2023 Battelle Memorial Institute. All Rights Reserved. Photo courtesy of NEON operated by Battelle.

Sea-son  greetings! ๐ŸŽ„Not your typical holiday tree, this unusual tree is made from staghorn coral.   Steve Vollmer and h...
12/22/2023

Sea-son greetings! ๐ŸŽ„

Not your typical holiday tree, this unusual tree is made from staghorn coral. Steve Vollmer and his team created these trees to investigate disease resistance in coral. The team discovered gene variants associated with resistance to white band disease โ€” a disease that is killing up to 95% of Caribbean Acropora coral species. This discovery could revolutionize coral restoration by enabling the production of disease resistant staghorn coral and revive damaged reefs throughout the Caribbean.

๐Ÿ“ธ: Coral Restoration Foundation

In 2023, NSF accelerated its mission of driving discoveries and advances across all scientific disciplines.From AI inves...
12/21/2023

In 2023, NSF accelerated its mission of driving discoveries and advances across all scientific disciplines.

From AI investments to innovation engines, collaboration and partnerships to broadening participation, NSF's strategic investments have powered a tremendous year for science, technology and innovation across the country.

NSF's "Science Matters" explains how: https://bit.ly/3TyMVju

๐Ÿ“ธ: Valentina Atela/NSF

It's the season of giving! Looking for the perfect gift for your STEM mentor? Nominate them for a presidential award: ht...
12/20/2023

It's the season of giving! Looking for the perfect gift for your STEM mentor? Nominate them for a presidential award: https://bit.ly/3GRafBD

Receiving a Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring ( ) can be a truly life-changing experience, and this is your last chance to gift a nomination to an impactful mentor in your community โ€” nominations

A new study by solar physicist Kiran Jain at NSF's National Solar Observatory has unveiled the captivating rhythms of qu...
12/19/2023

A new study by solar physicist Kiran Jain at NSF's
National Solar Observatory has unveiled the captivating rhythms of quasi-biennial oscillations (QBOs), shedding light on their elusive nature and the sun's symphony of cycles.

The solar cycle, also known as the sunspot cycle, is a pattern of great activity followed by less activity occurring roughly every 11 years. Researchers gauge the cycle by changes in the number of observable sunspots on the sun's surface.

Jain and her collaborators unraveled the nuanced variations in QBOs using data gathered over 25 years by NSF's Global Oscillation Network Group, a global network of six identical telescopes observing the sun 24/7.

Want to learn more? Visit https://bit.ly/3Rt27Mr

๐Ÿ“ธ: GONG/NSO/AURA/NSF

NSF just announced the first-ever Accelerating Research Translation (ART) awards, an investment of more than $100 millio...
12/18/2023

NSF just announced the first-ever Accelerating Research Translation (ART) awards, an investment of more than $100 million in 18 teams at academic institutions across the nation to accelerate the pace and scale of translational research to grow the U.S. economy.

"NSF endeavors to empower academic institutions to build the pathways and structures needed to speed and scale their research into products and services that benefit the nation," said NSF Director Sethuraman Panchanathan. "The ART program in NSF's new Technology, Innovation and Partnerships Directorate identifies and champions institutions positioned to expand their research translation capacity by investing in activities essential to move results to practice."

Each ART awardee will receive up to $6 million over four years to identify and build upon academic research with the potential for technology transfer and societal and economic impacts, to ensure availability of staff with technology transfer expertise and to support the education and training of entrepreneurial faculty and students.

To learn more, visit https://bit.ly/3v4VXe0

Sea ice holds more than just water, it's a source of life in the Arctic. ๐Ÿ‹A long-term Arctic dataset maintained by Unive...
12/15/2023

Sea ice holds more than just water, it's a source of life in the Arctic. ๐Ÿ‹

A long-term Arctic dataset maintained by University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science shows retreating sea ice affects the entire biological system, from tiny shrimps ๐Ÿฆ to Pacific gray whales.

Right beneath the crystalline surface, quite literally, exists a food chain that supplies critical nutrients to the entire north polar ecological system. Algae that grow under sea ice sink to the seafloor, enriching shrimp-like creatures called benthic amphipods, the favorite food of the eastern North Pacific gray whale.

By analyzing annual data collected in the Arctic, researchers concluded that fluctuating stocks of benthic amphipods of the Bering and Chukchi seas are likely to have caused three major die-offs in the eastern North Pacific gray whale population since the 1980s. During each of these events, the gray whale population has been reduced by up to 25% over just a few years.



๐Ÿ“ท Merrill Gosho/NOAA

https://bit.ly/4ak7AxP

12/14/2023

Darkness, dramatic temperatures, intense pressure โ€“ the deep sea is one of the most extreme environments on Earth. This summer, four renowned female ocean scientists led an NSF-supported deep-sea expedition to explore it.

Scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) , Caltech and Occidental College assembled a team to dive off Southern California and conduct cutting-edge research on methane seeps and ocean floor ecosystems that support exotic species like sea spiders and fuzzy crabs.

They cruised aboard the research vessel Atlantis and submerged in the crewed vehicle Alvin, one of the deepest-diving submersibles in the world. Both are owned by the U.S. Navy.

"The launch feels like a roller coaster a little bit," said marine biologist Ailish Ullmann. "You're barefoot. It's a very tight sort of sardine-can space, and you're sitting there waiting for it to start. When it's officially cleared to descend, that's when the magic really starts.

"It triggered that childlike sense of awe and wonder. I think there's not many places left in science where you are constantly making new discoveries."

The expedition is considered vital for conservation in the face of climate change and deep-sea mining projects.

To see the longer video, visit https://bit.ly/3ToYjP6

๐Ÿ“น: Scripps Institution, Woods Hole, Caltech, Occidental College.

12/14/2023

The annual Geminid meteor shower is back, putting on a holiday show. These meteors are shooting across the night sky now, peaking today and tapering off by Christmas Eve.

"The Geminid meteor shower is an event that happens annually as we pass through the stream of particles that is coming off an asteroid," said NSF astrophysicist Joe Pesce. "And as we go through those particles, they crash into our atmosphere, and we see what's called a meteor storm."

The Geminids are unusual in that they originate from an asteroid; showers more typically stem from particles streaming from a passing comet.

The bold, bright Geminids are considered among the best showers in the Northern Hemisphere. At peak under dark sky conditions, onlookers might see up to 120 meteors an hour.

What is two miles long and takes us 130,000 years into the past?It's not a worm hole. It's a cylinder of ice collected f...
12/13/2023

What is two miles long and takes us 130,000 years into the past?

It's not a worm hole. It's a cylinder of ice collected from Antarctica!

Join the U.S. National Science Foundation Ice Core Facility for a live event to see where all the ice cores from Antarctica, Greenland and North America are stored, curated and studied on Jan. 18, 2024, at 2 p.m. EST.

For more information and to sign up, visit https://bit.ly/icf-social

Is it too late to evade our compounding plastic problem?As plastic breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces (eventual...
12/08/2023

Is it too late to evade our compounding plastic problem?

As plastic breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces (eventually ), its pervasiveness and toxicity increase in the environment, harming humans and nature. โ˜ฃ

Listen to NSFโ€™s latest episode of "The Discovery Files" as Lauren Pincus, an environmental chemist and postdoctoral fellow Princeton University, explains how plastic degrades, how it interacts with inorganic materials in the environment and what we might do to help prevent it.


https://apple.co/3tb7JD4

An online game teaching high-schoolers computational thinking. A virtual human AI avatar engaging young children in lear...
12/07/2023

An online game teaching high-schoolers computational thinking. A virtual human AI avatar engaging young children in learning AI concepts. Middle-schoolers interacting with an AI bird feeder before diving into projects about puffins.

These are just a few of the ways that NSF investments in AI education โ€“ and education in AI โ€“ are making a difference.

NSF's "Science Matters" explores how AI is transforming the way students learn to engage with the world around them and create solutions to real problems.

Check out the blog: https://bit.ly/3GxEwFr

๐Ÿ“ธ: USC Institute for Creative Technologies

NSF has launched the EducateAI initiative to support educators and students, prepare the workforce of the future and fos...
12/06/2023

NSF has launched the EducateAI initiative to support educators and students, prepare the workforce of the future and foster a culture of curiosity, creativity and inquiry.

EducateAI aims to enable educators to make high-quality, audience-appropriate artificial intelligence educational experiences available nationwide from K-12 to community college, four-year college and graduate students, as well as adults interested in formal training in AI.

"(It) is about empowerment and inclusivity, ensuring that every student has the opportunity to not only understand AI but to actively contribute to its positive evolution," said Margaret Martonosi, NSF assistant director for Computer and Information Science and Engineering.

To learn more, visit https://bit.ly/3GuvtF9

The Arctic tundra is rapidly changing, losing diversity in plants, fungi and lichens because of warming temperatures and...
12/06/2023

The Arctic tundra is rapidly changing, losing diversity in plants, fungi and lichens because of warming temperatures and the loss of sea ice. But an NSF-supported study by Penn State found that browsing behaviors of diverse large herbivores โ€“ caribou and muskoxen โ€“ slowed the decline.

Researchers believe that the conservation of herbivores and even the rewilding of lost herbivore populations could be novel mitigation strategies for the effects of climate change in some ecosystems, including the warming Arctic tundra.

To learn more, visit https://bit.ly/3Gvwb55

๐Ÿ“ธ: Eric Post

New research reveals shady threat to trees. ๐Ÿ•ต๏ธโ€โ™€๏ธTree canopies are home to countless birds, reptiles and insects. But di...
12/05/2023

New research reveals shady threat to trees. ๐Ÿ•ต๏ธโ€โ™€๏ธ

Tree canopies are home to countless birds, reptiles and insects. But did you know it's the special plants that grow on trees that are largely responsible for creating these enchanting aerial ecosystems? โ˜๐ŸŒณ

Epiphytes (nonparasitic plants that grow on other plants) thrive in canopies and are crucial for Earth's biodiversity. They also have an astonishing array of diversity with 28,000 known species!

The abundance, diversity and connectivity of canopy-dwelling plants are exceptionally vulnerable due to the increase in intensity and frequency of disturbances such as climate change and deforestation, according to researchers The University of Utah who reported in New Phytologist.

"Communities of plants that live in rainforest canopies โ€” ferns, orchids and bromeliads โ€” play 'keystone roles' in maintaining biodiversity, fostering critical interactions for pollination and seed dispersal and maintaining healthy nutrient cycles, even though their biomass is small relative to whole forests," says biologist Nalini Nadkarni.

https://bit.ly/4a2RcS9



๐Ÿ“ท Nalini Nadkarni

Today marks the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 designating this glorious continent as a global preserve for res...
12/01/2023

Today marks the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 designating this glorious continent as a global preserve for research and scientific cooperation. For more than 60 years, NSF has managed the U.S. science presence there, investigating everything from flora and fauna to climate change and astronomy.

The international treaty set aside nearly 10% of the Earth "forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes ... in the interests of all mankind."

It also froze territorial claims to the continent, banned nuclear weapons and waste and forbade all activities of a military nature, making it the world's first nuclear-arms control agreement in history.

Want to learn more? Visit https://bit.ly/47FzGBQ



๐Ÿ“ธ: Kelly Jacques; Glenn Grant; Joshua Swanson

How old is the man in the moon? ๐ŸŒš According to a new NSF-supported analysis of Apollo 17 lunar dust crystals at Northwes...
12/01/2023

How old is the man in the moon? ๐ŸŒš According to a new NSF-supported analysis of Apollo 17 lunar dust crystals at Northwestern University, about 40 million years older than previously thought.

Researchers at the Field Museum in Chicago and the University of Glasgow used Northwestern's atom-probe tomography facility to nail down the age of the oldest zircon crystal hidden in the dust sample that astronauts collected from the lunar surface half a century ago.

The upshot? Previous assessments put the moon's age at more than 4.42 billion years. The new assessment found that the moon is 4.46 billion years old.

For more information, visit https://bit.ly/3t3UKCY

Not all doctoral institutions have strong research enterprises available to their researchers. NSF's Growing Research Ac...
11/30/2023

Not all doctoral institutions have strong research enterprises available to their researchers. NSF's Growing Research Access for Nationally Transformative Equity and Diversity (GRANTED) initiative aims to level the playing field.

GRANTED seeks to strengthen not just one university's research enterprise, but is looking for bold, ambitious ideas that will increase access, catalyze national transformation and address overall systematic equity and diversity issues. It especially aims to make gains with emerging research and minority-serving institutions.

Want to learn more? Check out the "Science Matters" NSF 101 at https://bit.ly/3Gm1SO7

NSF-funded startup Slooh teaches students from fourth grade through college how to explore space using a network of onli...
11/27/2023

NSF-funded startup Slooh teaches students from fourth grade through college how to explore space using a network of online telescopes, gamified learning and a standards-aligned curriculum.

The company's online learning platform is engaging, providing real-time viewing and control of robotic telescopes, including seven telescopes situated at one of the worldโ€™s top observatories, and is affordable for schools.

Slooh provides students with step-by-step experiential learning programs called "Quests" that allow them to explore the regions of the night sky and learn about the celestial objects they capture using telescopes, along with direct access to astronomy educators. The company recently raised $5 million in funding support.

To learn more, check out https://bit.ly/47sH17K.



๐Ÿ“ธ: Slooh

11/24/2023

Embark on a journey through the cosmos and into the heart of radio astronomy with the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope at NSF's Green Bank Observatory in a new film "Seeing the Unseen" available Nov. 28.

๐ŸŽฅ Watch the trailer now: https://bit.ly/3sGRKMX.

This year, we are   for the tremendous progress   research has made toward bettering society, the environment and beyond...
11/23/2023

This year, we are for the tremendous progress research has made toward bettering society, the environment and beyond. ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ‘ฉโ€๐Ÿ‘งโ€๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐ŸŒŽ

As we gather around the table, we look forward to a future filled with even more exciting discoveries and breakthroughs that push the boundaries of science and create a brighter tomorrow.

What are you thankful for?

11/22/2023

This , our PAEMST and PAESMEM alumni share how grateful they are for the mentors that have changed their lives. Want to say โ€œthank youโ€ to your mentor?

Consider nominating them for the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring โžก https://bit.ly/3RcqUW4

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