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Happy Independence Day from 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division! #ClimbToGlory #IndependenceDay
Video by Spc. Anthony Todd and Spc. Jay Butterbaugh
This is the official page of the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (LI). Soldiers, family and friends of the Warrior Brigade are welcome.
In November 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Finland. The Finnish soldiers on skis annihilated two tank divisions, humiliating the Russians. Charles Minot “Minnie” Dole, the president of the National Ski Patrol, saw this as a perfect example of why the U.S. Army needed mountain troops. Dole spent months lobbying the War Department to train troops in mountain and winter warfare. In September 1940, Dole was able to present his case to General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff, who caused the Army to take action on Dole’s proposals to create ski units. On December 8, 1941, the Army activated its first mountain unit, the 87th Mountain Infantry Battalion (later became an entire Regiment) at Fort Lewis, Washington. The unit was dubbed “Minnie’s Ski Troops” in honor of Dole. Soldiers of the 87th trained on Mount Rainer’s 14,408 foot peak. Recruiting for the 87th Infantry Regiment was a unique role taken on by the National Ski Patrol. After returning from the Kiska Campaign in the Aleutian Islands near Alaska the 87th formed the core of the new Division. 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (LI) was organized September 17, 1942 as Headquarters Company, Mountain Training Center. On July 15, 1943 it was reorganized and redesignated as the Headquarters Company of the newly formed 10th Light Division (Alpine) at Camp Hale, Colorado. For a year the Soldiers trained at the 9,200 foot high Camp Hale and honed the skills of its Soldiers to fight and survive under the most brutal mountain conditions. On June 22, 1944, the whole division was shipped to Camp Swift, Texas to prepare for the Louisiana maneuvers of 1944, which were later canceled. A period of acclimation to a low altitude and hot climate was necessary to prepare for this training. Later that year, on November 6, 1944, the division was redesignated as the 10th Mountain Division. The blue and white “mountain” tab was authorized later that month. The division entered combat on January 28, 1945 in the North Apennine Mountains of Italy. The Soldiers faced German positions arrayed along the five mile long Monte Belvedere-Monte della Torraccia ridge. Other divisions had attempted to assault Mount Belvedere three times, even holding it temporarily, but none had succeeded. To get to Mount Belvedere the division first had to take a ridge line to the wet, known to the Americans as the Riva Ridge. After the 86th Mountain Infantry assaulted Riva Ridge, the 85th and 87th Mountain Infantry Regiments made a bayonet attack without covering artillery fire on Belvedere beginning February 19, 1945. The surprising assault was successful and after a hard fight, the peak was captured. On April 14, 1945, the final phase of the war in Italy began. With the 85th and 87th leading the way, the 10th Mountain Division attacked toward the Po Valley. On the tenth day of the attack, April 23rd, the 10th was the first division to reach the Po River. The 1st Battalion, 87th Mountain Infantry, the original mountain infantry unit, made the crossing under fire in 50 light canvas assault boats. The final combat for the 10th Mountain Division took place in the vicinity of Lake Garda, a canyon lake at the foothills of the Alps. The 10th completely destroyed five elite German divisions. Since the 10th Mountain Division was one of the last to enter combat, it was to be used in the projected invation of Japan. These plans ended with the surrender of Japan in August 1945. After a brief tour of duty in the Army of Occupation in Italy, the 10th was sent to Camp Carson, Colorado. There on November 30, 1945 the 10th Mountain Division was disbanded. After nearly three years, the brigade was redesignated as Headquarters Company, 10th Infantry Division on June 18, 1948. The brigade was allotted June 25, 1948 to the Regular Army, then activated July 1, 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas. The division conducted a sixteen-week basic military program to prepared Soldiers for infantry combat and duty. Again, the unit was inactivated June 14, 1958 at Fort Benning, Georgia. April 1, 1986 the unit was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) and activated at Fort Drum, New York. The 10th was the first division of any kind formed by the Army since 1975 and the first based in the Northeast U.S. since World War II. The division was designed to meet a wide range of worldwide infantry-intensive contingency missions. Equipment design was oriented toward reduced size and weight for reasons of both strategic and tactical mobility. The 1st Brigade was the Command and Control Headquarters for Task Force Warrior, consisting of its organic battalions 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment, and 2nd Battalion, 22nd Infantry Regiment. Task Force units from the brigade deployed in exercises both overseas and throughout the country to include Honduras and Panama. The brigade also participated in Desert Storm and routinely sends a battalion to the Multinational Force and Observers mission in the Sinai. In the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew in December 1992, TF Warrior deployed to southern Florida where it conducted disaster relief operations. Shortly following its return to Fort Drum, the Task Force deployed to Somalia, Africa where it participated in humanitarian relief and combat operations in support of Operations Restore Hope and Continue Hope. Leading the 10th Mountain Division into Somalia, the 87th Infantry Regiment members conducted the first combat operations the regiment had seen since World War II. Bravo Company and Charlie Company were attached to 2-14 Infantry during Operation Restore Hope and Continue Hope. On October 3, 1993, 3rd platoon, Charlie Company, 1-87 Infantry was dispatched as a quick reaction force to secure a crash site in a Somalian city that was a result of an attempt to seize a Somali Warlord by Task Force Ranger. In August 1994, political rhetoric was stiffening against the outlaw government of Haiti. In a Fort Drum, New York, training area, preparations for forced-entry operations were accelerating for the 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry). On September 13, 1994, the Warrior Brigade assault package, consisting of two light infantry battalions, the 10th FSB, and elements of the 10th Aviation Brigade deployed to Haiti aboard the aircraft carrier USS Eisenhower. The Brigade led the Division into Operation Uphold Democracy, air assaulting from the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Eisenhower into Port-Au-Prince, Haiti in order to participate in peacekeeping operations from September 1994 to January 1995. Most of spring 1997 was spent conducting individual training, marksmanship, squad live fire exercises and preparing to support cadet summer training at the United States Military Academy. The Brigade also conducted expert infantry and field medical testing while training and certifying three rifle companies for deployment to Bosnia, Pakistan and Germany. It also executed live fire supported coordination exercises which integrated close air support, artillery and attack helicopters. The training ensured the brigaded maintained its live fire focus and proficiency. After training for most of the year, the brigade was faced with disaster relief operations due to a major ice storm devastating northern New York in January and February of 1998. The 10th Mountain Division and Fort Drum provided 161 generators of various sizes, 15 water trailers, 77 cargo trucks, 93 heaters, over 125,000 sandbags, 9 mobile kitchens, over 2,500 Soldiers and much more in a myriad of relief activities ranging from volunteer work to medical support to liaison support in various country and state emergency operations centers. In the wake of the devastating September 11th attacks, 1st Brigade found itself answering the nation’s call by deploying world-wide, keeping peace in the Balkans, and providing support to deployed soldiers’ families back at Fort Drum. When all was said and done, 1stBrigade was the most widely deployed Infantry Brigade in the United States Army. From the summer of 2001 through the spring of 2002, the Warrior Brigade had personnel deployed in support of military operations in six different countries -- Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the United States. 2nd Battalion, 22nd Infatry Regiment deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of OPERATION JOINT GUARD. They served with pride and distinction, assisting Task Force Eagle in the monitoring the former warring factions and ensuring compliance with the Dayton Peace Accord. 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment along with 1st Brigade Headquarters deployed to Kosovo in support of Operation Joint Guardian. There they formed the backbone of Task Force Falcon, the US-led Task Force operating in Kosovo and FYROM. 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment deployed to Uzbekistan and Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Early on in their deployment they provided base camp and airfield security and quick-reaction forces, before fighting and destroying Taliban and Al’Qaeda fighters during Operation Anaconda. Task Force Warrior began deploying to Afghanistan for combat operations in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in June 2003. The 4,000 members of TF Warrior replaced units of the 82nd Airborne Division over the summer months. The Task Force led the coalition effort to defeat al Qaeda, Taliban and other hostile forces in order to establish conditions for stability and reconstruction. During the welcome home ceremony in May 2004, the Soldiers were greeted by a packed Magrath gym and the theme from “Rocky” being played by the 10th Mountain Division Band. Although home for a break, the 1st Brigade arrived back in Iraq at Camp Liberty in late summer 2005. After spending several months overseas, the 1st Brigade returned to Fort Drum. The brigade was reorganized as part of the transformation of the entire 10th Mountain Division to the U.S. Army’s new modular force structure. The newly redesignated 1st Brigade Combat Team deployed once again to Iraq in 2007, where it served 15 months before returning to the North Country in fall 2008.
10400 S Riva Ridge Loop
Fort Drum, NY
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