The Livelihoods and Food Security Programme (LFSP) is working towards reducing rural poverty through increased incomes for at least 200,000 beneficiary households in four provinces in Zimbabwe. Phase I of the LFSP was implemented from 2016 to July 2018 with a total funding of 34,114,959 GBP from UKAid. Due to its success, the LFSP has been extended to Phase II (ending in 2020) with additional funding of 15, 2 million GBP so far.
The LFSP is being implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Zimbabwe (programme coordinator), in partnership with WeltHungerHilfe Zimbabwe, World Vision Zimbabwe, Practical Action Zimbabwe and the Government of the Republic of Zimbabwe through the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement.
The programme is being implemented in four provinces covering ten districts, namely, Mutasa, Mutare, and Makoni in Manicaland province (INSPIRE project), Guruve, Bindura and Mt Darwin in Mashonaland Central province (ENTEPRIZE project) and Kwekwe, Gokwe North, Gokwe South and Shurugwi in Midlands province (EXTRA project). Two additional districts are being targeted specifically for the promotion of biofortification, namely, Mazowe and Zvimba in Mashonaland West province, making the overall programme reach 12 districts.
The programme components in Phase II are structured along the following thematic areas with gender and youth mainstreaming cutting across on all components:
Extension and Nutrition (EN)
Rural Finance (RF)
Policy Support (PS)
Market Development (MD)
Monitoring, Learning and Evaluation (MEAL)
What is creating sustainable Livelihoods?
This term was first used by Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s and can be defined as the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Livelihoods are therefore affected by external events which can increase their resilience and consequently reduce their vulnerability.
A livelihood is composed of the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. These capabilities and assets can be divided into five types of capital.
- Human capital: Characterized among other things by good health, diet, education and knowledge.
- Social capital: Networks and connections between individuals with shared interests, forms of social participation, and relationships based on trust and reciprocity.
- Natural capital: The natural resources which benefit livelihood.
- Physical capital: The infrastructure and equipment that meet the basic, productive needs of the population.
- Financial capital: The financial resources that populations use to achieve their livelihood aims.