Agriculture YOUTH DESK

Agriculture YOUTH DESK Agriculture Youth Desk is meant to promote Food Security and Nutrition in Zimbabwe,Africa and the world as a whole through gender and youth mainstreaming.

Operating as usual

Indigenous Knowledge Systems.Let's share what we know with others .What is that plant and it's uses?
16/11/2020

Indigenous Knowledge Systems.

Let's share what we know with others .What is that plant and it's uses?

NUTRITION7 Health Benefits of Eating CucumberWritten by Rachael Link, MS, RD on May 19, 2017Though commonly thought to b...
12/11/2020

NUTRITION
7 Health Benefits of Eating Cucumber
Written by Rachael Link, MS, RD on May 19, 2017
Though commonly thought to be a vegetable, cucumber is actually a fruit.

It’s high in beneficial nutrients, as well as certain plant compounds and antioxidants that may help treat and even prevent some conditions.

Also, cucumbers are low in calories and contain a good amount of water and soluble fiber, making them ideal for promoting hydration and aiding in weight loss.

This article takes a closer look at some of the top health benefits of eating cucumber.

1. It’s High in Nutrients
Cucumbers are low in calories but high in many important vitamins and minerals.

One 11-ounce (300-gram) unpeeled, raw cucumber contains the following (1):

Additionally, cucumbers have a high water content. In fact, cucumbers are made up of about 96% water (2Trusted Source).

To maximize their nutrient content, cucumbers should be eaten unpeeled. Peeling them reduces the amount of fiber, as well as certain vitamins and minerals.

07/11/2020

Youth mainstreaming an engine for Economic Empowerment

Opening the 2nd Edition of the National Young Champion Farmer Program in Harare by Honourable Vice President Cde CGN Chi...
06/11/2020

Opening the 2nd Edition of the National Young Champion Farmer Program in Harare by Honourable Vice President Cde CGN Chiwenga .The stakeholders were urged to support youth in Agriculture, IFAD, FAO thanked for supporting youth in agriculture . Other Ministries reminded to establish Youth Desk using an Agriculture Youth Desk model as directed by Cabinet .

The future is bright

#YesYouthCanDo

Recognition🏆It would have been better CONCEPTUALISED, written and PRESENTED but here it is and it is very important, wat...
06/11/2020

Recognition🏆

It would have been better CONCEPTUALISED, written and PRESENTED but here it is and it is very important, watch the scene

👉 It's true, we all love a celebration, and there's no better reason to celebrate than being the First!

Your Challenge is on its way, but if you fancy more of precision farming in the meantime, jump back in and keep the momentum going.

The next big thing is yet to come watch the space!

See you on Tuesday!

Don't forget to sign up for the field day!>>https://wa.me/message/IXPDDJ5CI2RBH1

📞+263712689214
+263776743494
www.afrostain.co.zw
#AfrostainFarmtech
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Greetings to you all members of the public, stakeholders and Youth in Agriculture. We have seen it worth and important t...
02/11/2020

Greetings to you all members of the public, stakeholders and Youth in Agriculture.

We have seen it worth and important to update you on Programs and projects implimented by Youth Desk since January 2020 and how it has contributed to Vision 2030 and Economic Transformation .

This update is starting to be shared tommorow and we are sharing January and February 2020 Achievements. After then weill update on future plans and programs .Some few weeks back we were sharing on best farming practices .

Let's all like our Page , Share Posts and meaningfully contribute to our agricultural sectors .

#ZimYouthCan
#TogetherWeareChampions

Say Yes if this is noble and crucial

His Excellency the President of the republic of Zimbabwe is fully committed to Youth Empowerment, Making Zimbabwe an upp...
31/10/2020

His Excellency the President of the republic of Zimbabwe is fully committed to Youth Empowerment, Making Zimbabwe an upper middle income society come the year 2030.

Say Yes if you are grateful to the work done by the New Dispensation in Agriculture in particular in youth mainstreaming and empowerment

AgriRocket  Engineering P L
31/10/2020

AgriRocket Engineering P L

FACT: 87% of ALL New farmers and entrepreneurs are using Greenhouses, and MORE THAN HALF of them are witnessing lucrative Yields, higher returns, and profits in their profitable ventures. ⁣

Which means if you aren’t seeing results from your investment (or aren’t making any to begin with) you’re behind the times AND leaving money on the table. ⁣

👉 And take it from Others who are doing it EFFECTIVELY and realising more yields and ultimately profits -- you *really* don’t want to do that🤷🏻‍♂️

Leaders in the agribusiness industry trust us for our professional agricultural structures constructors.

Visit our offices at
Aspindale farmers market complex, Aspindale.
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#FarmExperts
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Some challenges faced by farmers,  one goat gone!!!What other challenges do you have apart from this? Let us know in the...
26/10/2020

Some challenges faced by farmers, one goat gone!!!

What other challenges do you have apart from this?

Let us know in the comments section

Who knows the variety
10/10/2020

Who knows the variety

Good morning .Be advised that FAO in partnership with various Government Ministries such Ministry responsible for Agricu...
07/10/2020

Good morning .Be advised that FAO in partnership with various Government Ministries such Ministry responsible for Agriculture, Environment, Youth , Primary and Secondary Education, Higher and Tertiary Education , Energy among others is implimenting a green jobs for rural employment program commonly known as GJ4RYE whose thrust is to support young people and mainstream them in the mainstream economy .SDGs among it's objectives are to alleviate poverty ,end hunger ,improve health and well being , promote gender equality ,working towards water and sanitation for communities , promote clean energy, create jobs ,reduce consumption only to mention a few .

Few provinces and sites have been selected as hubs and learning bases where youths between the ages of 18-35 will be selected and funded so that they start their own life and support communities through various ways.

Say Yes if the you are in support of SDGs

Mechanisation of the Agricultural sector.For the past 37 years Government of Zimbabwe sourced 6000 tractors and within 1...
01/10/2020

Mechanisation of the Agricultural sector.For the past 37 years Government of Zimbabwe sourced 6000 tractors and within 12 months the New Dispensation led by His Excellency Cde ED Mnangagwa sourced 3000 tractors.

#AgriculturalTransformationOnCoarse
#FoodSecurityForAll

Ready for the season
25/09/2020

Ready for the season

Field Tour ,Melfort farm being leased to a young farmer by NRZ
24/09/2020

Field Tour ,Melfort farm being leased to a young farmer by NRZ

BROILER FOWL-RUN DESIGN• Follow East to West orientation• Eastern and western sides built to the roof to prevent direct ...
20/09/2020

BROILER FOWL-RUN DESIGN

• Follow East to West orientation
• Eastern and western sides built to the roof to prevent direct sunlight into house
• 50cm brick wall on length side of house for maximum ventilation and shielding
• Fix 9mm diamond mersh wire from brick wall to the roof
• Height of at least 2.6m on the higher side of a flat-roofed house
• 50cm roof overlap
• All brick surfaces should be plastered for ease of cleaning
• Concrete floors for stability
• Size of house to be appropriate for the number of chicks
• Final stocking density of 10 to 12 birds per square metre..https://chat.whatsapp.com/Ke1ScqV6QyP5BkpcOGf8m2
#AfrostainFarmtech
#Precisionfarming
#Landuseplanning
#Afrostainfowlrundesign

mushroom farming business can give  big profits in just a few weeks. Plus, starting your own business growing oyster mus...
13/09/2020

mushroom farming business can give big profits in just a few weeks. Plus, starting your own business growing oyster mushrooms for profit is fairly easy.

In fact, here’s how to get started in just six easy steps

Should we share few notes on where seed is aquired ,inputs needed and how production is done?

FactsFertilisers provide elements needed by plants to grow well, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They can ma...
07/09/2020

Facts

Fertilisers provide elements needed by plants to grow well, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They can make crops grow faster and bigger so that yields are increased. The compounds used must be water-soluble so plants can absorb them through their roots.

Like our post, share and say Yes if you want more literature on Fertilisers:

Fact:Farmers played their part , Government has played it's part, now ready for the rains.2020/2021 farming season setti...
04/09/2020

Fact:

Farmers played their part , Government has played it's part, now ready for the rains.

2020/2021 farming season settings

Are you also ready ?

Afrostain Farmtech
04/09/2020

Afrostain Farmtech

Frequently Asked Questions about the Queen of Temites

Who leads these tiny homewreckers in their charge to claim every ounce of wood they can? Termite queens.

Q: What are termite queens?

A: The queen controls the colony size, makeup and division of labor of a termite colony. She is also the primary egg layer in termite colonies.

Q: Is the queen the only egg layer?

A: Queen termites can actually suppress the development of other queens with pheromones that are always associated with their presence.

When the colony gets larger, she may need to allow a small number of the termite nymphs to develop as supplemental or secondary queens. This will help provide sufficient eggs for the colony to continue to grow.

Q: What is the egg-laying process like?

A: The queen termite's abdomen enlarges as she begins laying eggs. Her abdomen eventually expands many times beyond her prenuptial size to the point that she becomes much less mobile and must be cared for.

She becomes an egg-laying machine and becomes physically dependent on the worker termites for her care and feeding.

Q: If queens don't move much, how do termite colonies spread?

A: After three to five years, the queen may decide to allow many of the nymphs to develop into alates (winged reproductive adult termites) who will swarm out of the nest to try to start a new colony.

Several hundred to several thousand will swarm from the nest, but most will not succeed.

After the swarming, a male and a female worker will pair up and the soon-to-be termite queen will look for a place to make a nest.

The new nest site must provide near-perfect conditions for the new termite queen and king to survive. This is very unlikely in a properly maintained home.

Q: How do I stop termite queens?

A: The first step is understanding termite behavior and knowing how to keep an eye out for termites and/or termite damage.

Effective termite control is best left to trained specialists. Termites are complicated creatures, sometimes with several colonies and nests in multiple locations on a single property.

Trained specialists will bring the most up-to-date training and tools to the battle against termite queens and their colonies.

#AfrostainFarmtech
www.afrostain.co.zw
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[email protected]

The 7 tried and tested livestock farming business ideas for the Zimbabwean market. https://afrostain.co.zw/the-7-tried-a...
03/09/2020
The 7 tried and tested livestock farming business ideas for the Zimbabwean market. - Afrostain Farmtech

The 7 tried and tested livestock farming business ideas for the Zimbabwean market. https://afrostain.co.zw/the-7-tried-and-tested-livestock-farming-business-ideas-for-the-zimbabwean-market/

CATTLE FARMING When we mention about livestock farming this is most likely the one to come to mind first. Well, it is a commonly practised farming initiative all across Zimbabwe – at least now. Cattle farming was for a while hanging in the balance due to an array of challenges. The most noteworthy...

Food Security remains the Government's priority.It's pleasing to note that Youth have embraced Agriculture and from next...
03/09/2020

Food Security remains the Government's priority.

It's pleasing to note that Youth have embraced Agriculture and from next week we are profiling productive young farmers.

Answer with Yes and like our story if you are among the progressive young farmers and tell us where you are doing your work

Do you know that this plant has some health benefits .Before we share with you our knowledge and expertise concerning th...
01/09/2020

Do you know that this plant has some health benefits .

Before we share with you our knowledge and expertise concerning the used of this plant , we are kindly requesting you to share with the public your researched and indegenous knowledge on it.

Good rains expected this year .Are you ready for the 2020/2021 farming season
31/08/2020

Good rains expected this year .Are you ready for the 2020/2021 farming season

Facts:We can't separate Food Security from Nutrition Security.Today let's discuss and share notes on Nutrition Security....
27/08/2020

Facts:

We can't separate Food Security from Nutrition Security.Today let's discuss and share notes on Nutrition Security.

Are you ready for the subject today , if so press like and respond with a Yes or No

GUIDE TO GROWING LEAFY SPINACH Spinach is a nutritious, hardy cool weather crop, grown for use as a cooked green vegetab...
27/08/2020

GUIDE TO GROWING LEAFY SPINACH

Spinach is a nutritious, hardy cool weather crop, grown for use as a cooked green vegetable or as salad. There are two main types of spinach, that is, smooth leaf and savoy (crinkled leaf).

✔ Soil fertility :

It is always important to test the soil nutrient level before planting as the pH should be maintained at 6.5 to 6.8. Soils with low pH will result in slow growth and chlorotic leaves. Because of sensitivity to magnesium deficiency, older spinach leaves may tend to show yellow colour similar to that caused by nitrogen deficiency or downy mildew. Do not automatically apply more nitrogen to try to develop the desired deep green colour. Spinach will accumulate excess nitrates if nitrogen is used in an attempt to induce green colour and this is dangerous to health.

✔ Ecological requirements
Spinach is a cool weather vegetable and can survive the first frost of temperate climates. It germinates and grows optimally at temperatures between 4-16°C. However, it can withstand temperatures as low as -7C. Spinach grows best in a well-draining loamy soil with an optimum pH of between 6.4 and 7. It is sensitive to acidic soil and if the pH is too high. Although it prefers full sun, spinach can still produce significantly in partial shade. In hot weather, seeds germinate slowly or may fail to germinate completely. Heat also causes the plants to bolt (go to seed) quickly, ruining the flavour of the crop.

✔ Planting and cultural practices

Propagation of spinach is solely by seeds. It is first raised in a nursery before transplanting into the main field.
Nursery establishment
Prepare the nursery bed, a metre-wide against the required length. Drill seeds across the bed at a depth of about 1cm, cover seeds lightly with soil and the nursery bed with a thin layer of dry grass (mulch). Water the nursery bed and seeds germinate within 5-7 days. Seedlings should be watered regularly.
Transplanting

Seedlings are ready for transplanting after 4-5 weeks, when with 3-4 leaves. This, however, depends on the ecological factors in the region, like temperature. Transplanting should be done on a cloudy day or late in the evening when the sun is cool. Note: Wet seedlings an hour before uprooting them from the nursery. This prevents root damages. To prevent transplanting shock, water can be sprayed to the transplants.

✔Procedure

Select a site with full sun to light shade and well-drained soil. Plough the land 2-3 weeks in advance at a depth of at least 20cm and harrow the field. Prepare raised beds, recommended for proper drainage and root establishment depending on the amount of rainfall available.
However, in dry areas like Makueni, you can make a flat or sunken bed because of rain limitation. The beds should be 15cm high, a metre wide and about 100 metres long. Incorporate soil with manure and DAP. Water the beds, unless the soil is wet enough.
Plant the seedlings in the beds. This should be done at the same depth they were previously growing while in the nursery. They should be spaced at 30cm to 45cm between rows and 15cm between the plants. This gives room for the leaves to reach full size.

✔ Thinning

When seedlings sprout to about 10 to 12cm, they should be thinned 8cm apart. This helps in reducing competition as well as ensuring sufficient air circulation within the crops.

✔ Weeding
Weeds compete with the crop for growth factors like nutrients as well as they harbour pests. They should, therefore, be controlled. Since spinach roots are shallow and easily damaged, care must be taken when weeding.

✔ Mulching
This helps to keep the soil moist and to suppress weeds. Decomposed mulch releases nutrients into the soil, which are absorbed by the crop. It also helps prevent soil erosion.

✔ Irrigation
Watering should be done regularly because spinach requires high levels of moisture.

✔ Nutrition
Spinach requires sufficient nutrients for proper growth and development. It is, therefore, important to ensure that these nutrients are made available and in the needed quantities. For instance; for basal fertilisers like DAP, put a table spoon per hole and mix with soil at transplanting.

For CAN, put a tea spoonful and is banded around the plant as top-dressing at three weeks after transplant. NPK, are also be applied after the third harvesting to generate more leaves.

✔Crop rotation:
Spinach should not be planted on the same plot over and over, because this causes pests and diseases to build up in the soil. Rotations should be done with other crops like beans, peas, lettuce, tomatoes and potatoes.

✔Pests and control

Cutworms and wireworms:
Cutworms cut off the stems of young seedlings at ground level while wireworms feed on the foliage and roots. Drench soil with PENTAGON 50EC 20ml/20l or PROFILE 440EC 60ml/20l or alternative available in agrovets.

✔Aphids:
These are small soft bodied insects found on the underside of leaves and/or stems of plant; usually green or yellow in colour. Infestation causes yellowing and distortion of leaves, formation of necrotic spots and stunted shoots. Aphids secrete a sticky, sugary substance (honeydew) which encourages the growth of sooty mold on the plants. Spray KINGCODE ELITE 50EC 10ml/20l or LEXUS 247SC 8ml/20l or LOYALTY 700WDG 5g/20l or available alternative.

✔Spinach crown mite:
These mites live deep in the crown of the spinach plant. Their feeding causes deformation of leaves and small holes form in newly expanding leaves. Damage can be to newly emerged seedlings or to older plants. Spray ALONZE 50EC 5ml/20l or BAZOOKA 18EC 10ml/20L or available alternative.

✔Slugs and snails:
They leave relatively large holes in spinach leaves. Slimy trails are evident. Drench soil with PROFILE 440EC 6oml/20l

✔Leaf miners:
These leave meandering tan trails or mines on the leaves as they feed. Heavily infested leaves curl and become distorted. Spray ESCORT 19EC 10ml/20l or any available pesticide recommended by agro vet.

✔Flea beetles:
These feed mostly on young foliage and the damage consists of a number of small holes, leaving the leaf looking as though it had been hit by a blast. The leaves sometimes have bleached and pitted areas. Spray LEXUS 247SC 8ml/20l or KINGCODE ELITE 50EC 10ml/20l or PRESENTO 200SP 5g/20l
✔Cabbage loopers:
These caterpillars are pale green with white lines running down either side of their body. Feeding leads to formation of large or small holes on leaves and the damage is often extensive. Spray KINGCODE ELITE 50EC 10ml/20l or BACIGUARD 16WDG or LEXUS 247SC 8ml/20l

✔Armyworms:
Feeding causes singular, or closely grouped circular to irregularly shaped holes on foliage. Heavy feeding by young larvae leads to skeletonised leaves, and egg clusters may be present on the leaves, which are covered in a whitish scale giving them a cottony or fuzzy appearance. Spray KINGCODE ELITE 50EC 10ml/20l or LEXUS 247SC 8ml/20l or PENTAGON 50EC 10ml/20l or BACIGUARD 16WDG 15g/20l

✔Diseases

✔Damping off and root rot:
Symptoms consist of poor seed germination, pre-emergence death of seedlings, post-emergence death of newly emerged seedlings, stunted plants, yellowed lower leaves, general poor growth, wilting, and eventual collapse and death of older plants. Roots of the infected plants appear water-soaked or brown to black in colour.

The upper taproot may be girdled by a necrotic lesion, and the tip of the taproot may be necrotic. In severe cases of infection, nearly all roots become girdled or rot off. While all stages of spinach can be infected by root rot organisms, newly emerging plants and young seedlings are very susceptible. Seek advice from agrovet for effective fungicide fungal diseases.

✔ Leaf spot:
Infection leads to development of small dark spots on the leaves. These enlarge forming brown lesions, which become brittle and eventually crack at the centre. The lesions can also develop on petioles and stems. Spray CHARIOT 500s 20ml/20l or RANSOM 600WP 15g/20l or BRADLEY 500SC 10ml/20l, however you will be advised on best alternative available

✔ Downy mildew:
Initially dull to bright yellow spots form on cotyledons and leaves of all stages. These spots enlarge and become browning and dry. Close inspection of the underside of the leaf often reveals the purple growth of the fungus. In severe cases of infection, leaves appear curled and distorted and may take on a blighted effect as a result of numerous infection sites.
Remember, every environment has specific challenges that require extra attention.

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