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UPSC CSE 2020 CUT OFF
27/09/2021

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Success has no excuses and no boundaries .If they can make it , why can’t you? Ria dabi and Tina Dabi
25/09/2021

Success has no excuses and no boundaries .
If they can make it , why can’t you?

Ria dabi and Tina Dabi

Success has no excuses and no boundaries .
If they can make it , why can’t you?

Ria dabi and Tina Dabi

24/09/2021

Do you Know?

Article 21 - A is applicable to both citizens and non citizens.

The man who must have sacrificed his hundreds of nights to make it possible.Congratulations Shubham Kumar.
24/09/2021

The man who must have sacrificed his hundreds of nights to make it possible.

Congratulations Shubham Kumar.

The man who must have sacrificed his hundreds of nights to make it possible.

Congratulations Shubham Kumar.

13/07/2020

Do you Know ?

The Chairman and members of State Public Service Commission are Appointed by Governer and Removed by President .

Gear Up For The Prelims;
24/01/2019

Gear Up For The Prelims;

20/12/2018

Congratulations to all those who made it to interview stage of Civil Services 2017- 2018

Kashmir Administrative Service
04/12/2018

Kashmir Administrative Service

Here’s wishing you all the very best for Results 😋

18/11/2018
Vision IAS

Vision IAS

How to Maximise Performance in Civil Services Interview, by Shri Rangan Dutta IAS (Retd.)

23/10/2018
21/10/2018
Kashmir Administrative Service

Athar Amir IAS topper somewhere at Srinagar Kashmir

IAS TOPPERS at Initiative for Competition Promotion today ...
a video for beginners.

Kashmir Administrative Service
20/08/2018

Kashmir Administrative Service

ATTENTION

JKPSC KAS PRELIMINARY 2018

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02/06/2018

All The Best Future Bureaucrats ❤️

JKPSC 2018 CSE
25/05/2018

JKPSC 2018 CSE

ATTENTION PLEASE

KAS 2018 official notification

24/05/2018

How’s preparation going on Bureaucrats ???

IAS Topper: Anu Kumari mother of 4-year-old child, has secured 2nd rank in the UPSC Civil Services Examination 2017Congr...
30/04/2018

IAS Topper: Anu Kumari mother of 4-year-old child, has secured 2nd rank in the UPSC Civil Services Examination 2017

Congratulations!!

UPSC 2015 IAS topper Tina Dabi and 2nd rank holder Athar Aamir-ul-Shafi Khan in bride and groom attire.#Pahalgam  #Kashm...
10/04/2018

UPSC 2015 IAS topper Tina Dabi and 2nd rank holder Athar Aamir-ul-Shafi Khan in bride and groom attire.

#Pahalgam #Kashmir

Congratulations

08/03/2018

The Deccan sultanates were five dynasties that ruled late medieval Indian kingdoms, namely, Bijapur, Golkonda, Ahmadnagar, Bidar, and Berar in south-western India. The Deccan sultanates were located on the Deccan Plateau, between the Krishna River and the Vindhya Range. These kingdoms became independent during the break-up of the Bahmani Sultanate. Malik Ahmad Shah Bahri, the governor of Junnar after defeating the Bahmani army led by general Jahangir Khan in 1490 declared independence and established the Nizam Shahi dynasty rule over the sultanate of Ahmadnagar. Fathullah Imad-ul-Mulk, governor of Berar declared independence in 1490 and founded the Immad Shahi dynasty of Berar sultanate. The Adil Shahis were originally provincial rulers of the Bahmani Sultanate, but with the break-up of the Bahmani state after 1518, Ismail Adil Shah established an independent sultanate. Sultan Quli Qutub-ul-Mulk conquered Golkonda and became the Governor of Telangana region in 1518, after the disintegration of the Bahmani sultanate. He took title Qutb Shah, and established Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda.

07/03/2018

‘The Indian War of Independence' is an Indian nationalist history of the 1857 revolt by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Begum Hazrat Mahal, one of the begums of the ex-king of Awadh, took up the leadership of the revolt at Lucknow. In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II.

06/03/2018

Battle of Wandiwash, 1760, was the decisive battle in the Anglo-French struggle in southern India during the Seven Years’ War (1756–63). British forces under Eyre Coote won over a French force led by Comte Thomas Arthur de Lally.

06/03/2018

Portugese explorer Vasco da Gama first arrived in India near Calicut in 1498. However, the real foundation of Portugese power in India was laid by Alfonso de Albuquerque. He was appointed Governor of Portugese affairs in India in 1509. In 1510, he captured Goa from Bijarpur Sultan.

11/02/2018

LIST OF ALL MUGHAL EMPERORS IN INDIAN HISTORY
1. Babur (1526-1530)
2. Humayun (1530-1540,55-56)
3. Akbar (1556-1605)
4. Jahangir (1605-1627)
5. Shah Jahan (1627-1658)
6. Aurang Zeb (1658-1707)
7. Bahadur Shah 1 (1707-1712)
8. Jahandar Shah (1712-1713)
9. Furrukhsiyar (1713-1719)
10. Rafi-ul-Darjat (1719)
11. Rafi-ud-Daulat (1719)
12. Nikusiyar (1719)
13. Muhammad Ibrahim (1720)
14. Muhammad Shah (1719-1748)
15. Ahmad Shah Bahadur (1748-54)
16. Alamgir || (1754-1759)
17. Shah Jahan ||| (1759)
18. Shah Alam || (1759-1806)
19. Akbar Shah || (1806-1837)
20. Bahadur Shah Zafar (1837-57)

08/02/2018

Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.

Description: Here you had to show the contrast or the changes made by the British Government after the 1857 revolt. This was quite an easy and straightforward question. Below we have given some points for your information. Kindly note that it is not an answer.

The Revolt of 1857 gave a severe jolt to the British administration in India and made its re-organization inevitable. The Government of India’s structure and policies underwent significant changes in the decades following the Revolt.

Changes in Administration: By the Act of Parliament of 1858, the power to govern India was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown. The authority over India, wielded by the Directors of the Company and the Board of Control, was now to be exercised by a Secretary of State for India aided by a Council.

Provincial Administration: The British had divided India for administrative convenience into provinces, three of which- Bengal. Bombay and Madras- were known as Presidencies. The Presidencies were administered by a Governor and his Executive Council of three, who were appointed by the Crown. The other provinces were administered by Lieutenant Governor and Chief Commissioners appointed by the Governor-General.

Local Bodies: Financial difficulties led the Government to further decentralize administration by promoting local government through municipalities and district boards. Local bodies like education, health, sanitation and water supply were transferred to local bodies that would finance them through local taxes.

Changes in the army: The Indian army was carefully re-organised after 1858, most of all to prevent the recurrence of another revolt. Firstly, the domination of the army by its European branch was carefully guaranteed. The proportion of Europeans to Indians in the army was raised. The European troops were kept in key geographical and military positions. The crucial branches of artillery, tanks and armored corps were put exclusively in European hands. The Indians were strictly excluded from the higher posts. Till 1814, no Indian could rise higher than the rank of a subedar. Secondly, the organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘divide and rule’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti-British uprising. A new section of army like Punjabis, Gurkhas and Pathans were recruited in large numbers.

Relations with princely state / native states or British attitudes towards the Indian princes after the Revolt of 1857: After the Revolt of 1857 the British reversed their policy towards the Indian states. Most of the Indian princes had not only remained loyal to the British but had actively aided the latter in suppressing the Revolt. Their loyalty was now rewarded with the announcement that their right to adopt heirs would be respected and the integrity of their territories guaranteed against future annexation. The experience of the Revolt had made them decided to use the princely states as firm props of British rule in India.

Change in administrative policies: The British attitudes towards India and consequently, their policies in India changed for the worse after the Revolt of 1857. While before 1857 they had tried, however half heartedly and hesitatingly, to modernize India, they now consciously began to follow reactionary policies which were reflected in many fields.

(a) Divide and Rule; After the Revolt of 1857 the British increasingly continued to follow their policy of divide and rule by turning the princes against the people, province against, caste against caste, group against groups and above all, Hindus against Muslims. Immediately after the revolt their suppressed Muslims, confiscated their lands and property on a large scale, and declared Hindus to be their favorite. After 1870, this policy was reversed and an attempt was made to turn Muslims against the nationalist movement. The Government cleverly used the attraction government service to create a split between the educated Hindus and Muslims. The Government promised official favor on a communal basis in return for loyalty and so played the educated Muslims against the educated Hindus.

(b) Government attitudes towards educated Indians: The official used to favor the educated Indians before 1857 but their attitudes changed after the Revolt because some of them have began to use their recently acquired modern knowledge to analyse the imperialistic character of British rule and to put forward demands for Indian participation in administration. The officials became hostile to the educated Indians when the latter began to organise a nationalist movement among the people and founded the Indian National Congress.

(c) Government attitudes towards the zamindars: After the revolt, the British changed their attitudes towards the zamindars and landlords to use them as a dam against the rise of popular and nationalist movement. The lands of most of the talukdars of Awadh were restored to them. The zamindars and landlords were now hailed as the traditional and ‘natural’ leaders of the Indian people. Their interest and privilege were protected and they, in turn, became the firm supporters of British rule in India

ATTENTION UPSC CSE 2018 notification
07/02/2018

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UPSC CSE 2018 notification

07/02/2018

NICKNAMES OF COUNTRIES ****
1. Bhutan – Land of the Thunder Dragon
2. China – The Red Dragon
3. Indonesia – The Emerald of the Equator
4. Japan – Land of the Rising Sun
5. Mongolia – Land of the Blue Sky
6. North Korea – The Hermit Kingdom
7. Philippines – The Pearl of the Orient Seas
8. South Korea – Land of the Morning Calm
9. Sir Lanka – India’s Teardrop
10. Thailand – Land of Smiles
11. Afghanistan – Graveyard of Empires
12. Israel – The Holy Land
13. Lebanon – Switzerland of the Middle East
1. Burkina Faso – Land of the Upright Men
2. Egypt – The Gift of the Nile
3. Lesotho – The Kingdom In The Sky
4. Madagascar – The Red Island
5. Rwanda – Land of a Thousand Hills
6. South Africa - Rainbow Nation
1. Brazil – Pindorama (Land of the Palms)
2. Canada – The Great White North
3. Chile – Land of Poets
4. Guyana – Land of Many Waters
5. Paraguay – The Island Surrounded by
Land
6. Peru – Land of the Incas
7. USA - Uncle Sam
8. Venezuela – Land of Grace
1. Australia – Land Down Under (sometimes
also used for New Zealand)
2. New Zealand – Land of the Long White
Cloud
1. Albania – Land of the Eagles
2. Belarus – The White Rus
3. England – Land of Hope and Glory
4. Finland – Land of a Thousand Lakes
5. France – L’hexagone
6. Iceland – Land of Fire and Ice
7. Ireland – The Emerald Isle
8. Italy – The Boot
9. Slovenia – The Sunny Side of the Alps
10. Switzerland – Land of Milk and Honey
11. Ukraine – The Bread Basket of Europe

07/02/2018

United Nations Organisation
*The name UNO was suggested by
Ans : F. D. Roosevelt
*UNO was formally came into existence on
Ans : October 24,1945
*UN day is observed on
Ans : October 24
*Headquarters of UNO
Ans : Manhattan (New York)
*The main aim of UNO
Ans : Peace and Human dignity
*Motto of UNO
Ans : It's Your World
*UN Flag was adopted on
Ans : October 20, 1947
*Colour of UN Flag
Ans : Light Blue
*Design of UN Flag
Ans : World map surrounded by two olive branches
*UN Emblem was designed by
Ans : Donal McLaughlin
*The Secretary General of the UN is elected by the General assembly on recommendation of the
Ans : Security Council
*The only body in which all UN members are represented
Ans: General Assembly
*First General meeting of UNO was held in
Ans : London(1946)
*The largest subsidiary body of UNO
Ans : Economic and Social Council
*The Constitution of the United Nations Organisation
Ans : UN Charter
*The Preamble of the UN was prepared by
Ans : Field Marshal Smuts
*UN Charter was signed on
Ans : June 26,1945
*The meeting in which the UN Charter was signed
Ans : San Francisco
*UN Charter came into force on
Ans : October 24,1945
*The number of countries signed in the UN Charter in its first phase
Ans : 50
*India signed in the UN Charter on
Ans : October 30,1945
*The Indian representative to sign in the UN Charter
Ans : Ramaswamy Muthaliyar
*51st country to sign in UN Charter
Ans : Poland
*The executive body of the United Nations
Ans : Security Council
*The five permanent members of UNO
Ans : China, France, Russia, Britain and USA
*Human Rights Declaration made by UNO on
Ans : December 10,1948
*Human Rights Day is observed on
Ans : December 10
*Number of official languages of UNO
Ans : 6
*Official Languages of UNO
Ans : English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic and Spanish Working Languages of UNO English and French
*The 6th Language Arabic was preferred as the Official Language of UN in
Ans : 1973
*UN Celebrated its Golden Jubilee in
Ans : 1995
*European headquarters of UN
Ans : Geneva
*Asian and European countries which are not the members of UN
Ans : Taiwan and Vatican respectively
*Number of representatives on the commencement of UNO
Ans : 51
*The Secretary General of UN is elected by the General Assembly on the recommendation of
Ans : Security Council
*First Secretary General of UNO
Ans : Trygve Lie
*The present and 9th Secretary General of UN
Ans : Antonio Guterres
*Antonio Guterres belongs to
Ans : Portugal
*The UN Library is known as
Ans : Hammarskjold Library
*First person who received Nobel prize posthumously in 1961
Ans : Dag Hammarskjold
*The organisation of UN dedicated exclusively to children
Ans : UNICEF
*Total membership of UNO at present
Ans : 193
*190th member of UNO
Ans : .Switzerland
*191st member of UNO
Ans : East Timor
*192nd member of UNO
Ans : Montenegro
*193rd member of UNO
Ans : South Sweden
*The smallest UN member in terms of population
Ans : Nauru
*The smallest UN member in terms of area
Ans : Monaco
*The UN Library is located in
Ans : Newyork
*The UN University Is located in
Ans : Tokyo
*The UN Peace University is located in
Ans : Costa Rica
*UN Women was formed on
Ans : July 2,2010
*UN Women became operational in
Ans : January 2011
*Headquarters of UN Women
Ans : New York
*First Indian to become the President of UN General Assembly
Ans : Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1953)
*The General Assembly meeting is described as
Ans : 'Town meeting of the world'
*The United Nations Inter regional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) is located at
Ans : Turin (Italy)
*The Trusteeship Council was suspended in operation on
Ans : November 1,1994 (with the independence of Palau)

UN ORGANS
*Sixth Organ of UNO
Ans : The Trusteeship Council
THE MAIN ORGANS OF UNO ARE
*The General Assembly
Ans : New York
*The Security Council
Ans : New York
*The Economic and Social Council
Ans : New York
*International Court of Justice
Ans : Hague
*The Secretariat
Ans : New York

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
*Only body of UN in which every member of the organization is represented and allowed to vote
Ans : General Assembly
*The role General Assembly
Ans : To discuss issues and make recommendations
*The majority required for implementing a decision in UN General Assembly
Ans : Two third
*The organ of UN known as World Parliament
Ans : General Assembly
* The UN General Assembly is presided over by
Ans : Secretary General
*First President of UN General Assembly
Ans : Paul Henri Spaak
*The term of President and Vice President of UN General Assembly
Ans : 1 year
*Number of major committees of UN General Assembly
Ans : Seven
*Number of representatives to UN General Assembly by a member country
Ans : Five
* Present Deputy Secretary General of UN
Ans : Amina Mohammed(Nigeria)

THE SECURITY COUNCIL
*The main objective of UN Security Council
Ans : World Peace
*Number of member countries in UN Security Council
Ans : Fifteen
*Number of permanent members in UN Security Council
Ans : 5
*Number of temporary members in UN Security Council
Ans : 10
*The term of temporary members in UN Security Council
Ans : 2
*Permanent members in UN Security Council are otherwise known as
Ans : P-5 Countries
*Permanent members are
* China
* France
* Russia
* Britain
* USA
*The power of five Permanent Members of UN Security Council to prevent the adoption of any "substantive" resolution
Ans : Veto Power

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
*Number of member countries in the Economic and Social Council
Ans : 54
*The term of members of Economic and Social Council
Ans : Three years(1/3 members retire each year)
*Main objective of Economic and Social Council
Ans : To implement the economic and social values
*The operations of World Health Organization (WHO) and UNESCO were controlled by
Ans : Economic and Social Council
*Number of Commissions working under Economic and Social Council
Ans : Twelve

INTERNATIONAL COURT OF USTICE (ICJ)
*The only organisation of UN which has the headquarters outside New York
Ans : ICJ
*Headquarters of IG
Ans : Hague (Netherland)
*The International Court of Justice is composed of
Ans : 15 judges
*The term of Judges in the International Court of Justice
Ans : Nine Years
*The clients of International court of justice
Ans : Member Countries
*Working languages of International Court of Justice
Ans : English and French
*Indians who became the judges of ICJ are
Ans : B.N. Rao
Justice Nagendar Singh
Justice R.S. Pathak
Dalveer Bhandari
*First Indian to become the judge of ICJ
Ans : B.N.Rao
*ICJ was established in
Ans : 1945

UNO
*First Indian to become the President of ICJ
Ans : Justice Nagendar Singh
*The Indian Judge who was nominated to ICJ in 2012
Ans : Dalveer Bhandari

SECRETARIAT
*The main objective of the UN Secretariat
Ans : To carry on the UN daily rules
*The administrative centre of UN
Ans : Secretariat
*The principal head of the Secretariat Secretary General First Civil Servant in the World Secretary General The person known as the arbitrator of the world
Ans : Secretary General
*The official term of Secretary General
Ans : Five years
*First Deputy Secretary General
Ans : Louise Frechette

SECERATARY GENERALS
*First European - Trygve Lie
*First AsIan - Yu-tant
*First African -Dr. Butros Gali
*Died in Harness - Dag Hammerskjoeld
*Resigned first - Trygve Lie
*Got Nobel prize - Dag Hammarskjoeld (1961) Koffe Annan (2001)
*Present - Antonio Guterres

SPECIAL AGENCIES OF UNO INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION (ILO)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*ILO was formed in
Ans : 1919
*Number of member countries
Ans : 187
*The motto of ILO
Ans : If you desire peace,cultivate justice
*First Special Agency of UNO
Ans : ILO
*ILO became the Special Agency of UNO in
Ans : 1946
*ILO got Nobel Prize for Peace in
Ans : 1969

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION (FAO)
*Headquarters
Ans : Rome
*FAO was formed on
Ans : October 16,1945
*Number of member countries
Ans : 194
*Motto
Ans : 'Let there be bread'
*First agency of UN formed after second world war
Ans : FAO
*World Food day is observed on
Ans : October 16
*The UN member country which is not a member of the FAO
Ans : Liechtenstein

THE UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
*Formed on
Ans : November 16,1945
*Headquarters
Ans : Paris
*Number of member countries
Ans : 195
*Motto
Ans : "We must construct the defenses of peace in the minds of women and men"
*The Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation of UNO
Ans : UNESCO
*The International organisation which prepares World Heritage List
Ans : UNESCO
*The Kalinga Prize is given by
Ans : UNESCO
*Kalinga Prize was instituted in
Ans : 1952
*The Indian Chief Minister who took initiative to start Kalinga Prize
Ans : Biju Patnaik
*First awardee of Kalinga Prize
Ans : Louis De Broglie
*First Indian to receive Kalinga Prize
Ans : Jagajith Singh
*The Biosphere Reserve which became the part of UNESCO heritage list in 2016
Ans : Agasthyamala
*The temple in Kerala which won the UNESCO Excellence Award in 2015
Ans : Vadakkumnathan Temple

MAJOR CENTRES IN INDIA WHICH ARE INCLUDED IN THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST OF UNESCO IN 2016
*Kanchenjunga National Park(Sikkim)
*Capitol Complex(Chandigarh)
*Nalanda Mahavihara(Bihar)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)
*World health day
Ans : April 7 (Formation day of WHO)
*The publication of WHO
Ans : World Health Report
*The Indian woman who was the President of WHO
Ans : Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
*First woman Director General of WHO
Ans : Gro Harlem Bundtland

INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA)
*Headquarters
Ans : Vienna
*IAEA was formed on
Ans : July 29,1957
*Number of member countries
Ans : 168
*Motto
Ans : 'Atom for Peace'
*To implement the use of nuclear weapons for peace settlements is the main objective of
Ans : IAEA
*IAEA got the Nobel Prize for Peace in
Ans : 2005
*First President of IAEA
Ans : W. Sterling Cole
*168th Member country of IAEA
Ans : Turkmenistan
*The safe guard office of IAEA is located at
Ans : Tokyo (Japan) and Toronto (Canada)

THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN'S EMERGENCY FUND (UNICEF)
*Headguarters
Ans : New York
*UNICEF was formed on
Ans : December 11,1946
*Number of member countries
Ans : 193
*To provide long-term humanitarian and development assistance to children and mothers in developing countries is the main objective of
Ans : UNICEF
*The special agency of UNICEF for the welfare of children
Ans : UNICEF
*UNICEF was declared 'as the permanent agency of UN in
Ans : 1953
*UNICEF got Nobel prize for peace in
Ans : 1965
* The global goodwill ambassador of UNICEF in 2016
Ans : Priyanka Chopra
*The goodwill ambassador of UNICEF in 2017
Ans : Shahrukh Khan

UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*UNHCR was formed on
Ans : December 14,1950
*Number of Member countries in UNHCR
Ans : 120
*To protect and support refugees is the main objective of
Ans : UNHCR
*UNHCR observes World Refugee day on
Ans : June 20
*UNHCR declared World Refugee Year during
Ans : 1959 - 1960
*UNHCR got Nobel prizes for Peace in
Ans : 1954 and 1981

WORLD BANK
*Headquarters
Ans : Washington DC
*World Bank was formed on
Ans : December 27,1945
*Motto of World Bank
Ans : Working for a world free of poverty
*World's largest Bank
Ans : World Bank
*To provide financial assistance to poor and developed countries is the main objective of
Ans : World Bank

WORLD BANK CONSIST OF FIVE INSTITUTIONS
*The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
*The International Development Association (IDA)
* International Financial Corporation (IFC)
* Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
*International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
*It has 189 members in IBRD and 173 members in
Ans : IDA
*First president of World Bank
Ans : Eugene Meyer
*World Bank President is nominated by
Ans : American President
*First country to avail loan from the World bank
Ans : France
* The Bank which is associated with the term Third Window'
Ans : World Bank
* World Development Report (WDR) is published by
Ans : World bank
*World Development Report is published since
Ans : 1978

INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF)
* Headquarters
Ans : Washington DC
*Formed on
Ans : December 27,1945
*Became operational on
Ans : March 1,1947
*Member Countries
Ans : 189
* IMF Director will be from the continent of
Ans : Europe
*Special Drawing Rights (SDR) is issued by
Ans : IMF
*Indians who attended, in the Bretton woods Conference
Ans : R.K.Shanmugham Chetty and C.D.Deshmukh
*First woman to become the Managing Director of IMF
Ans : Christine Lagarde
*The world famous Economist who participated in the meeting for the formation of IMF
Ans : Irving Fisher
*To secure financial stability, facilitate, International trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty around the world are the main objectives of
Ans : IMF

WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION (WMO)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*WMO was formed in
Ans : 1950
*Number of member countries
Ans : 191
*The UN Agency which studies the world climate and other atmospheric phenomena
Ans : WMO
*The predecessor of WMO
Ans : International Meteorological Organization (IMO)
*International Meteorological Organization was founded in
Ans : 1873

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (ITU)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*ITU was formed on
Ans : May 17/1865
*A specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies
Ans : ITU
*May 17
Ans : World Telecommunication Day
*November 21
Ans : World Television Day

UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (UNCHR)
* Headquarters
* Geneva
* UNCHR was formed in
* 1946
*UNCHR became the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in
Ans : 2006
*UN General Assembly passed the Human Rights Resolution on
Ans : December 10,1948
*International Human Rights Day is observed on
Ans : December 10
*The architect of UN Human Rights Proclamation
Ans : John Peters Humphrey
*The American President who described the Human Rights proclamation as the International Magna Carta of all mankind
Ans : Franklin.D.Roosevelt
*UN started to observe Human Rights Day since
Ans : 1950

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT (UNCTAD)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*UNCTAD was formed in
Ans : 1964
*Member Countries
Ans : 194
*First meeting of UNCTAD was held in
Ans : 1964 (Geneva)
*Second meeting of UNCTAD was held in
Ans : 1968 (New Delhi)

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANISATION(WIPO)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*WIPO was formed in
Ans : 1967
*Member Countries
Ans : 189
*WIPO became the special agency of UNO in
Ans : 1974
*Intellectual Property Day is observed on
Ans : April 26
*Second meeting of UNCTAD was held in
Ans : 1968 (New Delhi)
*To encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world is the main objective of
Ans : WIPO

WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION (WTO)
*Headquarters
Ans : Geneva
*WTO was formed on
Ans : January 1,1995
*Member Countries
Ans : 164
*Official languages
Ans : English, French, Spanish
*The predecessor of WTO
Ans : GATT
(General Agreement on-Tariffs and Trade)
*The agreement signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994 for replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
Ans : Marrakesh Agreement
*GATT came into effect on
Ans : January 1,1948
*India became the member of WTO on
Ans : January 1,1995
*161st Member country of WTO
Ans : Seychelles
*162nd Member country of WTO
Ans : Kazakhstan
*163rd Member country of WTO
Ans : Liberia
*164th Member country of WTO
Ans : Afghanistan

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (UNEP)
*Headquarters
Ans : Nairobi
*Formed on
Ans : June 5,1972
*Slogan
Ans : Environment for Development
*The UN Agency to coordinate its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices
Ans : UNEP
*The message of 2016 World Environment Day
Ans : 'Go Wild For Life'

COMMON WEALTH
*Headquarters
Ans : Marlborough House (London)
*Came into effect in
Ans : 1931
*Member countries
Ans : 53
*53rd member country
Ans : Rwanda
*Countries left from the Commonwealth Nations
Ans : Ireland, Zimbabwe
*The meeting which caused the formation of Commonwealth Nations
Ans : Imperial Meeting
*Imperial Meeting was held in
Ans : 1926
*Former name of Commonwealth
Ans : British Commonwealth
*The symbolic head of Commonwealth
Ans : British King or Queen
*Commonwealth Secretariat came into effect in
Ans : 1965
*The head of the Commonwealth Secretariat
Ans : Secretary
*First Secretary of the Commonwealth
Ans : Arnold Smith
*First Indian to become the Secretary of Commonwealth
Ans : Kamalesh Sharma
*The meeting of Commonwealth heads is known as
Ans : CHOGM
*CHOGM
Ans : Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
*First CHOGM meeting was held in
Ans : 1971 (Singapore)
*CHOGM meeting in India was held at
Ans : Goa(1983)
*The member countries in Commonwealth which were not the colonies of Britain
Ans : Rwanda, Mozambique
*Indian State in which the Commonwealth cemetery is situated
Ans : Manipur
*Largest country in Commonwealth Nation in terms of area
Ans : Canada
*Most populated Commonwealth Country
Ans : India

COMMON WEALTH GAMES
*International Commonwealth sport event which is attended by member “Countries ”
Ans : Commonwealth Games
*Father of Commonwealth Games
Ans : Ashley Cooper.
*Motto of Commonwealth Games
Ans : Humanity, Equality, Destiny
*First Commonwealth Games was held in
Ans : Hamilton (Canada; 1730)
*Number of member countries participated in the first Commonwealth games
Ans : 11

NON - ALIGNED MOVEMENT(NAM)
*The Conference which caused the
formation of NAM
Ans : Bandung Conference (Indonesia)
* Bandung Conference was held in
Ans : 1955
* The idea of NAM was proposed by
Ans : V.K. Krishna Menon
* NAM was formed in
Ans : 1961
*First meeting of NAM was held in
Ans : Belgrade (1961)
*The basics of NAM
Ans : Panchasheel Agreement
*The leaders who took initiative to the formation of NAM
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru,Marshal Tito (President, Yugoslavia)Gamal Abdul Nazar (President, Egypt)
*NAM doesn't have a permanent headquarters
*The number of countries which took part in the first meeting of NAM
Ans : 25
*First Indian to become the Secretary General of NAM
Ans : Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
*The related agency of NAM
Ans : AFRICA Fund
*Action for Resisting Invasion Colonialisation and Apartheid First Chairman of AFRICA Fund
Ans : Rajiv Gandhi

SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR REGIONAL CO-OPERATION (SAARC)
*Headquarters
Ans : Kathmandu (Nepal)
*Founded on
Ans : December 8,1985 (Dhaka)
*Member countries
Ans : 8
*Member countries
Ans : Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, India, Maldives, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Sri Lanka
*Last member
Ans : Afghanistan (2007)
*The idea of SAARC was put forward by -
Ans : Zia-Ur - Rahman(Bangladesh President)
*The summit which decided to form SAARC
Ans : Dhaka Summit (1985)
*First Chairman of SAARC
Ans : H.M.Ershad
*First General Secretary of SAARC
Ans : Abdul Ahzar
*The idea of SAARC was put forward by
Ans : Zia-Ur-Rahman(Bangladesh President)
*Largest regional intergovernmental organization
Ans : SAARC
*SAARC summits in India were held in
Ans : 1986; 1995 and 2007
*SAARC University is situated at
Ans : New Delhi
*Cultural capital of SAARC in 2017
Ans : Dhaka
* Largest member country in SAARC
Ans : India
*Smallest member country in SAARC
Ans : Maldives
*SAARC Agricultural Centre
Ans : Dhaka
*SAARC Meteorological Research Centre
Ans : Dhaka
*SAARC Forestry Centre
Ans : Thimbu
*SAARC Development Fund
Ans : Thimbu
*SAARC Documentation Centre
Ans : New Delhi
*SAARC Disaster Management Centre
Ans : New Delhi
*SAARC Coastal Management Centre
Ans : Male
*SAARC Information Centre
Ans : Kathmandu
* SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre
Ans : Kathmandu
*SAARC Human Resources and Development Centre
Ans : Islamabad
*SAARC Energy Centre
Ans : Islamabad
*SAARC Cultural Centre
Ans : Islamabad

DESIGNATED SAARC YEARS
*1989 - SAARC Year of Combating Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking
*1990 - SAARC Year of Girl Child
*1991- SAARC Year of Shelter
*1992 - SAARC Year of Environment
*1993 - SAARC Year of Disabled Persons
*1994 - SAARC Year of the Youth
*1995 - SAARC Year of Poverty Eradication
*1996 - SAARC Year of Literacy
*1997 - SAARC Year of Participatory Governance
*1999 - SAARC Year of Biodiversity Biodiversity
*2002-2003 - SAARC Year of Contribution of Youth to Environment
*2004 - SAARC Awareness Year for TB and HIV/AIDS
*2005 - South Asia Tourism Year

SAARC DECADES
*1991-2000
Ans : SAARC Decade of the Girl Child
*2001-2010
Ans : SAARC Decade of the Rights of the Child
* 2006-2015
Ans : Poverty Eradication
*2010-2020
Ans : Intra Regional Connectivity

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