Cumberland School of Law

Cumberland School of Law The official Facebook account for Samford University's Cumberland School of Law.
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Samford University’s Cumberland School of Law is nationally recognized for trial advocacy and quality instruction. Our curriculum trains students to practice in all areas of law, including corporate law, trial advocacy, health law, environmental law and public interest law. There are three components to the law school that combine to create its successful academic environment: First, the collegial, scholarly interaction between its faculty and students. Second, Lawyering and Legal Reasoning. Known on and off campus simply as LLR, this comprehensive, cutting-edge writing course gives each first-year student hands-on experience in skills that range from the initial client interview through the preparation and presentation of an appellate brief. Third, our location. Cumberland School of Law is situated on Samford University’s campus near downtown Birmingham, one of the legal hubs of the Southeast. Our proximity to this dynamic market offers our students an environment rich with opportunities for externships and extracurricular activities that enhance the classroom experience.Cumberland School of Law is part of Samford University, which is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Juris Doctor Degree.

Mission: The mission of Samford University's Cumberland School of Law is to educate a diverse community of students with knowledge and practical skills, equipping them to become highly competent, ethical lawyers committed to professionalism and public service.

New York Times Bestselling Author Joe Hilley ’88 has recently released a new novel, The Legend of Dell Briggers, and ano...
07/17/2020

New York Times Bestselling Author Joe Hilley ’88 has recently released a new novel, The Legend of Dell Briggers, and another, The Art Dealer's Wife, will be available in October.

Read more about Hilley and his works here: https://www.joehilley.com/index.html

Ramona Albin, associate professor of law and director of Cumberland's advocacy program, spoke to ABC 33/40 about the con...
07/17/2020
Law professor: Alabama's face mask order is constitutional

Ramona Albin, associate professor of law and director of Cumberland's advocacy program, spoke to ABC 33/40 about the constitutionality of Alabama's new state-wide mask ordinance.

https://abc3340.com/news/local/law-professor-alabamas-face-mask-order-is-constitutional

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (WBMA) — While Alabama’s face covering order has a lot of support, some people question whether it’s constitutional. “It’s constitutional under the police power,” explained Ramona Albin, Professor at Cumberland School of Law at Samford University....

The Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law, sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training,...
07/16/2020

The Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law, sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC, will host a forum with the administrators of the National Moot Court Competition.

Panelists will include: Kellie Casey, University of Georgia; Rob Galloway, South Texas College of Law; David Ackerman, Chuck Diamond and Dennis Maggi with the American College of Trial Lawyers; and Stephanie Glazer, Byron Huang and Daniel Rothschild with the New York City Bar Association Moot Court Competition.

Register by July 31: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/advocacy-training

Rising 2L, Erica Greathouse, is participating in a summer clerkship at the Shelby County District Attorney's Office. Gre...
07/16/2020

Rising 2L, Erica Greathouse, is participating in a summer clerkship at the Shelby County District Attorney's Office. Great job, Erica. We can't wait to hear more about your experience!

The first ever National Association of Legal Advocacy Educators (NALAE) election occurs July 26, 2020. During the virtua...
07/14/2020

The first ever National Association of Legal Advocacy Educators (NALAE) election occurs July 26, 2020.

During the virtual Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC, the newly elected officers will introduce themselves and discuss their goals for the upcoming academic year.

Sara Jacobson from Temple University Beasley School of Law will serve as moderator for this panel.

Register here: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/advocacy-training

07/14/2020
Planning for Business Success, Trademark 101 and Adapting to Change with Attorney LaMonica Orr-Love

In this virtual interview with Bizdayla, LaMonica Orr-Love '08 addresses how her roles as an attorney, business consultant and branding professional overlap, as well as planning for success, trademarks and adapting to change.

Love is the founder of Love Law Group and Consulting Services based out of Houston, TX.

BizDay.La is a global channel based out of Los Angeles, CA that provides inspiration and insight for individuals as they grow their businesses.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bvU48ZYXK6k&feature=youtu.be

BizDay.LA is a channel where hard-working people use technology and entrepreneurship to solve real human problems. If you are a business leader, subscribe to...

This summer, rising second-year law student, Kiana Kennamore, worked as a legal intern in the General Counsel's Office f...
07/13/2020

This summer, rising second-year law student, Kiana Kennamore, worked as a legal intern in the General Counsel's Office for Cru, Campus Crusade for Christ International's U.S. chapter.

During the virtual Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Cons...
07/10/2020

During the virtual Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC, learn where to recruit new coaches, how to train them, and how to set boundaries for former students/current coaches.

This mock trial session will feature:
Judge David Erickson (moderator), Chicago-Kent College of Law
Erika McArdle, Florida State Attorney's Office
Kelly Navarro, UIC John Marshall Law School
Adam Shlahet, Fordham Law
Brittany Gail Thomas, American University Washington College of Law

Register today: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/advocacy-training

Cierra Ferrell, a rising Cumberland 2L student, is working as a law clerk at Friedman Law Firm this summer in the firm's...
07/10/2020

Cierra Ferrell, a rising Cumberland 2L student, is working as a law clerk at Friedman Law Firm this summer in the firm's Veteran Benefits practice area. She said she loves working at the firm and helping veterans.

Great work, Cierra!

Robert Maddox ’00 has been accepted as a fellow in the American College of Mortgage Attorneys.Maddox is a partner of Bra...
07/09/2020

Robert Maddox ’00 has been accepted as a fellow in the American College of Mortgage Attorneys.

Maddox is a partner of Bradley Arant and an adjunct instructor at Cumberland, teaching Financing Real Property Transactions.

Laura Leigh Lewis ‘92 has been promoted to associate general counsel at Bank of America. In this role, she will serve as...
07/08/2020

Laura Leigh Lewis ‘92 has been promoted to associate general counsel at Bank of America. In this role, she will serve as the global legal lead for Bank of America’s new merchant services business.

The Bank of America Corporation is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in Charlotte, NC. It is the second largest banking institution in the U.S. and the ninth largest financial services company in the world.

Lewis has been with the Bank of America legal department for 20 years.

Congratulations, Laura Leigh.

Cumberland School of Law is partnering with Smarter Reality LLC to offer an innovative new externship opportunity for it...
07/08/2020

Cumberland School of Law is partnering with Smarter Reality LLC to offer an innovative new externship opportunity for its students that will combine artificial intelligence and law.

Interested students are invited to participate in a virtual information session about the new program on July 15. Email [email protected]amford.edu to receive the virtual meeting details.

https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/news/2020/Artificial-Intelligence-and-the-Law-Externship-Opportunity-for-Cumberland-Students

The virtual Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting ...
07/07/2020

The virtual Training Advocates Conference hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC, will feature a moot court breakout session titled "Strategies for Teaching Brief Writing."

Learn best practices and different approaches to brief writing with panelists:
Robert Sherwin (moderator), Texas Tech University School of Law
Jennifer Copland, MSU College of Law
Rebecca Delfino, LMU Loyola Law School
Jodi Hudson, Seton Hall University School of Law

Register today: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/advocacy-training

Willie E. Scott Jr., a rising second-year law student, is participating in a summer clerkship with Beasley Allen Law Fir...
07/07/2020

Willie E. Scott Jr., a rising second-year law student, is participating in a summer clerkship with Beasley Allen Law Firm.

At Cumberland, Scott is the vice president for Cumberland's chapter of the American Constitution Society, parliamentarian for the Black Law Students Association, and is an associate justice on the Honor Court.

There will be many times when legal research may involve looking beyond what can be found in the traditional legal datab...
07/06/2020

There will be many times when legal research may involve looking beyond what can be found in the traditional legal databases that are available through the online library of the Lucille Stewart Beeson Law Library.

As members of the Samford University community, Cumberland law students have access to many of the databases that are available through the Samford University Library.

https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/library/blog/Looking-Beyond-Legal-Databases-Resources-for-Interdisciplinary-Research

Clark Gillespy ’87 is the global head of Data Center Economic & Community Development for Google in Mountain View/Sunnyv...
07/06/2020

Clark Gillespy ’87 is the global head of Data Center Economic & Community Development for Google in Mountain View/Sunnyvale, California.

Gillespy serves on the Cumberland School of Law Dean’s Advisory Board and is the former president of Duke Energy – Carolinas in Greenville, South Carolina.

David Smolin, professor and director of Cumberland's Center for Children, Law and Ethics, spoke to Vice in response to t...
07/05/2020
VICE - A Korean Adoptee Won a Landmark Paternity Suit in a Korean Court. Her Case Could Have Implications for Thousands.

David Smolin, professor and director of Cumberland's Center for Children, Law and Ethics, spoke to Vice in response to this landmark paternity case in Korea.

"The ruling was a significant opinion that will hopefully set a new precedent for respecting the rights of adoptees to know their origins," he said.

Read more about the case here:

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/qj4kxb/south-korean-adoptee-won-landmark-paternity

Other Korean adoptees engaged in their own searches for their biological parents have cheered the verdict.

The virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consul...
07/03/2020

The virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC will feature breakout sessions for the different components of advocacy.

The first mock trial breakout will discuss the first steps in breaking down and analyzing a case file.

Panelists include:
Jules Epstein (moderator), Temple University Beasley School of Law
Marian Braccia, Temple University Beasley School of Law
Setara Foster, Cumberland School of Law
Jason Goss, St. Mary's University School of Law
Laura Rose, University of South Dakota School of Law
Dave Schott, University of Denver Sturm College of Law

Register today: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/Advocacy-Training

Rising 2L Terra Silva has been participating in a pro bono fellowship at Baker Donelson during the early part of this su...
07/03/2020

Rising 2L Terra Silva has been participating in a pro bono fellowship at Baker Donelson during the early part of this summer.

During the second half she will intern with the Office of the Federal Public Defender for the Northern District of Alabama.

Cleveland, Tennessee attorney Barrett Painter ’92 has been appointed to serve as Bradley County, Tennessee's new General...
07/02/2020

Cleveland, Tennessee attorney Barrett Painter ’92 has been appointed to serve as Bradley County, Tennessee's new General Sessions Judge with Juvenile Jurisdiction.

Currently, Painter is in private practice and serves as a municipal court judge. His appointment will be effective Oct. 1, 2020.

During the virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy...
07/01/2020

During the virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC, The Honorable Carolyn Carluccio and The Honorable Mark Kearney will offer an update on the Judiciary's virtual reality.

Register today: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/Advocacy-Training

Rising 2L Ander Shimek is participating in a summer clerkship at Emmanuel Sheppard & Condon in Pensacola, FL.
07/01/2020

Rising 2L Ander Shimek is participating in a summer clerkship at Emmanuel Sheppard & Condon in Pensacola, FL.

Say hello to one of our summer Law Clerks, Ander Shimek! 👋 It's important to us as a firm to provide leadership and to help further the professional growth of the next generation of attorneys.

Meet Ander: Ander returned to ESC this May as a Law Clerk after previously interning in the Accounting Department last summer. He was born and raised in Pensacola and attended Pensacola Catholic High School. Ander is a Seminole, having earned his bachelor’s degree in Finance and minor in Economics at Florida State University. At FSU, Ander studied abroad in London, England where he took a business law course that ignited his ambition to become an attorney. As a rising second year law student at the Cumberland School of Law, Ander has recently become a member of Cumberland’s 2020-2021 National Trial Team.

We're thrilled to have Ander back with us again this summer!

06/30/2020
Lynn-Hogewood.MOV

Lynn Hogewood, director of academic support, provides a few words of encouragement for our 2020 graduates who are in their final preparation stages for the upcoming bar exam. We wish you the best of luck!

"The place where you are now is vital. Never avoid what you must face. Challenge your circumstances and steadily persevere. The path toward victory opens from where you stand." - Daisaku Ikeda

The virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consul...
06/28/2020

The virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 hosted by Cumberland School of Law and sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC is August 7-8.

In session two, Hosting an Online Competition, competition directors will report about the good, the bad, and the ugly of hosting an online competition; highlight best practices for hosting a competition online; and discuss how to expect the unexpected.

Panelists include:
Robert Little (moderator), Baylor Law School
Connie Smothermon, The University of Oklahoma College of Law
Lynn Su, New York Law School
Patricia Wilson, Baylor Law School

Register: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/Advocacy-Training

At the end of this month, Judge Keith Cary ’78 will retire from the 20th Judicial Circuit Court in Fort Myers, FL, after...
06/26/2020

At the end of this month, Judge Keith Cary ’78 will retire from the 20th Judicial Circuit Court in Fort Myers, FL, after 31 years of service on the bench.

His son, Clark, is also a Cumberland lawyer from the class of 2014, and serves as an assistant state attorney for the felony crimes division in Lee County, Florida. #CumberlandLawyersServe

Rising 3L, Dylan Martin, is working in Beasley Allen Law Firm's Consumer Fraud Section this summer. Congratulations, Dyl...
06/26/2020

Rising 3L, Dylan Martin, is working in Beasley Allen Law Firm's Consumer Fraud Section this summer.

Congratulations, Dylan.

We continue our summer law clerk spotlight series by welcoming back, Dylan Martin. Dylan is a rising 3L at Cumberland School of Law and is working in the firm’s Consumer Fraud Section this summer. When asked why he wants to be an attorney Dylan said, “I want to be a plaintiff’s lawyer because it provides me the opportunity to serve others in a unique and essential way. I want to be a voice for my clients, who may have otherwise gone unheard. Without plaintiff’s lawyers, like those at Beasley Allen, many injustices would go unchecked every single day.” Welcome back, Dylan!

We're looking forward to hosting the virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting &...
06/25/2020

We're looking forward to hosting the virtual Training Advocates Conference 2020 sponsored by Trial Advocacy Consulting & Training, LLC.

To kick off the event in August, the first session will address Teaching Advocacy for Online Competitions. Panelists will include:

Judge Jim Roberts (moderator), Cumberland School of Law
Justin Bernstein, UCLA School of Law
Matt Dowd, The George Washington University Law School
Imokhai Okolo, The University of Akron School of Law
Susan Poehls, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles

Learn more and register today: https://www.samford.edu/cumberlandlaw/events/advocacy-training

Camille Lamar Campbell '96 is the recipient of the Legal Writing Institute's (LWI) inaugural Influential Teaching Award....
06/25/2020

Camille Lamar Campbell '96 is the recipient of the Legal Writing Institute's (LWI) inaugural Influential Teaching Award.

This award was designed to recognize outstanding teachers who have influenced the teaching of legal writing beyond their individual classrooms and acknowledges LWI’s continued commitment to excellence in teaching and advances in legal writing pedagogy.

Lamar Campbell is a professor at Nova Southeastern University Shepard Broad College of Law where she teaches Lawyering Skills & Values I and II.

https://www.lwionline.org/sites/default/files/Influential%20Teaching%20Award%20Announcement%20FINAL.Lamar.pdf

In their forthcoming article, Judge C.J. Williams & Judge Leonard T. Strand, discuss the different contexts of judicial ...
06/24/2020
Judicial Advocacy: How to Advocate to a Judge

In their forthcoming article, Judge C.J. Williams & Judge Leonard T. Strand, discuss the different contexts of judicial advocacy and how to effectively advocate to a judge.

The article ends with 10 practice pointers for attorneys who want to be effective and persuasive judicial advocates.

The full article will be available to read in the upcoming 43:2 issue of the American Journal of Trial Advocacy. An excerpt of the article is available to read at the link below.

https://cumberlandtrialjournal.com/judicial-advocacy-how-to-advocate-to-a-judge/

By:Judge C.J. WilliamsJudge Leonard T. Strand The full article will be available to read soon in the forthcoming 43:2 issue of the American Journal of Trial Advocacy. Abstract:    &n…

Cumberland School of Law is proud to celebrate the careers of recently retired faculty: professor Mark Baggett, law libr...
06/23/2020

Cumberland School of Law is proud to celebrate the careers of recently retired faculty: professor Mark Baggett, law librarian Rebecca Hutto, and professor Deborah Young. Read more about each of them here, including reflections on their careers and future plans after retirement.

https://www.samford.edu/news/seasons/issues/2020/summer/retirees/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=Read%20More&utm_campaign=Belltower-05-13-2020&utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=Read%20More&utm_campaign=Cumberland%20Connections%20June%202020

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800 Lakeshore Dr
Birmingham, AL
35229

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Samford University’s Cumberland School of Law, located in Birmingham, Alabama, is nationally recognized for trial advocacy and quality instruction.

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(205) 726-2701

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ISO female roommate. I am a single mother alumnus living in a 3 bedroom house right outside of Samford. I have a bedroom available to rent available immediately. To learn more, please DM me.
[The Key of David]: https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.1645245048864785&type=1&l=0dd2352f03 ^click on photos; albums: to access the scripture teachings.^ Also: http://biblestudyforlife.com/key_of_david.ht 2 Timothy 2:15 King James Version (KJV) 15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. {[(HE=IS=A=RE+WARDER of them that diligently seek him); (Hebrews 11)]}: PLEASE, FINISH THIS BIBLE STUDY. Some are deceived. It is not that their pastor, who was mislead by false teaching, meant to deceive them, but that their teachers were mislead, and do not study God's Word chapter by chapter, verse by verse, line upon line, and precept upon precept, to discover the deeper truth in God's Word, the true doctrine of Christ. The seminaries require students to agree with false doctrine to graduate. Anyone that has and uses the Key of David has the true doctrine of Christ; 1 body; 1 doctrine. That is what He said. GOD EXPECTS IT: Jeremiah 23 (God is going to purge the earth of false teaching). Every under shepherd is responsible for their own flock, and will answer to God (1 Peter 4:17). Judgment starts at the pulpit. Those that hear the truth, yet run from it can be turned over to a reprobate mind. God is going to do something much more definite to those that hear, and believe not this message (2 Thessalonians 2:7-12). Nobody can ignore scripture, and be wise. 1 Thessalonians 4:17 reads beautifully in the English (it was written in the Greek, and you need to go research the words). Use the Key of David. Ask Him for the latter rain, and stay in His Word. You will wither without it, and most have not yet received it. They are still passing along the leavened bread of the Pharisees, who did not accept Christ as the Messiah, and Satan has others programmed to receive the first super natural entity that shows up claiming to be Christ. They are looking to be "raptured" out of here before the false Christ comes. They don't understand God's Plan. Christ cannot return until after Satan comes (2 Thessalonians 2). The false Christ (Satan), will come and claim that he is God, before the true Christ Jesus returns. The pre-tribulation rapture doctrine is false teaching. Christ is returning for a virgin bride, and those that worship the false Christ (Satan), thinking that he is the true Christ will no longer be spiritual virgins (Matthew 25:1-13). The oil in the lamp symbolizes the truth of God's Word / His Holy Spirit. There is a counterfeit spirit that mimics, but cannot duplicate the Holy Spirit. A person can often mistake a counterfeit (evil) when it stands in the role of the genuine (Holy Spirit) on matters that an individual does not know the truth about, yet believes something else they thought sounded right instead. Satan will use the errors in the person's understanding to spread the falsity throughout the congregation (Matthew 16:6). Furthermore, Satan planted false doctrines into the seminaries where and when he could, as subtly as possible so as not to be detected by the casual Christian, and even many students, scholars, and teachers. They take the doctrine that was taught to them by man, yet there is a point in the growth of a Christian where the person understands enough about God's Word to know how to have a Gospel conversation, and that they are commanded to find answers to the questions that arise from others, and themselves by studying deeper in His Word, and prayer. Satan uses religion, and loves the pulpit as one of the invisible hands of his beast system. There are 4 hidden dynasties Satan uses to bring about his one world beast system: education, economics, political, & religions (maybe his favorite because it is so blasphemous). Satan masquerades from inside the churches, and concentrates efforts on keeping the teachers, seminaries, pastors, elders, and church members in the darkness about the depths of God's Word, all the while singing hymns with them about the truths that are considered to be some of the milk of God's Word, and keeping them in the dark about discovering the true plan of God (Hosea 4:6). Of course, the person is responsible for researching, asking, and praying to the Father so that He reveal the meats, and deeper truths of His Word and plan to them (pray for the former and latter rains). This is not like having an issue with a vehicle that you cannot repair yourself, and sometimes take a mechanic's word for it. This is dealing with the eternal truth, and the eternal life of your soul, and others. God wrote His letter to us so that we would know what to do, and He expects those that have the opportunity to study it (seek the answers); have the ears and eyes, spiritually speaking, to pay attention and be seriously mindful (we are watchmen), ever learning from the Living Word. It is His design / will / plan (2 Timothy 2:15). {Mark 13; Luke 21; [Matthew 24 - the ones taken first are taken by the false Christ. The disciples remain in the field working (Matthew 24:13); Hebrews 9:26-28; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 = 1 Corinthians 15:52 (at the last trump). Deuteronomy 30:4; 32:5; Proverbs 10:30; Nehemiah 1:9; Isaiah 64:4; Zephaniah 3:8-9]}. ^ Paul could never give a word that would contradict, override, be outside of, or supersede the word of God / Christ. Moreover, Paul did not contradict himself. Out of the 7 churches in the book of Revelation, Christ is only pleased with 2 of the 7 (they are not deceived). Marvel not that the church is under great deception, for it is written that there will be a falling away, the "great apostasy." Many will worship the false Messiah. "The mystery of iniquity" has long been at work, as Paul said (2 Thessalonians 2). Plant the seeds of the truth of God's Word, pray, and be patient. (Matthew 13:30 - this is at the end of the Day of the Lord, yet it is parallel with the events that will transpire before that day / 2nd Advent / 7th trump). The disciples / saints / election / overcomers remain in the field working for a short season, until the true Christ returns. [2nd Advent; 7th trump; last trump; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; 1 Corinthians 15:52 (last trump); Hebrews 9:26; Zechariah 9:10; Titus 2:13]. Ezekiel 13:20 King James Version (KJV) 20 Wherefore thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against your pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make them fly, and I will tear them from your arms, and will let the souls go, even the souls that ye hunt to make them fly. MARK 13 - Jesus speaking, gives the order of events that consummate the end of this age. SOME OF OUR BRETHREN WOULD RATHER TAKE A WORD FROM PAUL, that is misunderstood by them, AND CLING TO THE FALSEHOOD OVER THE WORDS OF CHRIST. I WOULD QUESTION ANY PERSON THAT WOULD DO THAT. A PASTOR THAT WOULD DO THAT NEEDS TO BE CORRECTED. We are dealing with their congregation's souls, and spiritual virginity. 1 Thessalonians 4 ~ This was originally written in Greek, a fixed language. English is not a fixed language, and that puts a spin on things. It is important to take your concordance, and study to the roots of the words meanings, or you will run into confusion (Babylon; babyl; darkness; Satan's kingdom). Greek, being a fixed language, does not allow the subject to change. The subject here is: "where are the dead?" The subject cannot change to a false teaching of a pre-tribulation rapture. The second reference to this scripture is (1 Corinthians 15:50-55 - "at the final trump)." 1 Thessalonians 4:4). Stick with Christ and do not be a part of worshipping false idols, religions, other gods. 5). Love is honest, genuine, and true. 7). Holiness is bringing His Word forth, and not deceiving people. 10). Keep doing missionary work and spreading the Word. 11). "Quiet" = "sincere" (understood it). 13). "I don't want you to be ignorant about the dead, and where they are." The heathen don't know where the dead are. [Reference: Ecclesiastes 12:6-7 (the spirit returns to the Father); (2 Corinthians 5:7-8)]. 14). They are already with Him, all of the dead, every one. 15). [Reference: Ecclesiastes 12:7-8; "prevent" = "precede" (Greek). They are already gone. There is no way to beat them there. Some are on the wrong side of the gulf]. 16). The Trump of God is the last trump. The dead in Christ rise first because they are with Him. A person's spirit does not remain in the ground. Ashes to ashes, dust to dust for our earthly bodies have served their purposes. [Reference: 1 Corinthians 15:50-55 (50). Flesh gets crippled, cannot be eternal. (52). LAST TRUMP]. 17). Paul spoke colloquial Greek. "Air" = (Greek: (aer) (ah-ayr'); from aemi: "To breathe unconsciously, i.e. respire; by analogy to blow): "air" (as naturally circumambient). We are caught up in that spiritual body with the Lord; the breath of life; face. "Clouds" [Reference: Hebrews 12:1 (group, swarm, or gathering of witnesses; army that is coming with Christ]: [Reference: Ezekiel 13:2-3, 17-21 (here, "women" mean children of Israel, the seed of the nation (God's people). God is clearly AGAINST those that teach His people to fly to save their souls)]. In 2 Thessalonians 2, Paul makes it PERFECTLY CLEAR that there is no Pre-Tribulation "Rapture." We are to remain in the field, working until Christ's return, at the LAST TRUMP. We will be here with Christ. He reigns for 1,000 years (the Day of The Lord); (Revelation 20:4); (Hebrews 9:26); (Zechariah 9:10). {[Acts 1:1-11 / Zechariah 14:4] - HIS FEET WILL TOUCH THE GROUND}; Zechariah 9:9-10 (verse 9 = 1st advent; verse 10 = 2nd advent). God did not tell us to put on the Gospel armor so that we could fly away. [2 Thessalonians 2; 1 Thessalonians 5 ~ the "any-time doctrine" is false teaching, the anti-Christ (false Christ, false Messiah, the final king of Babylon, the dragon, the serpent, the little horn, the accuser, the desolator, Satan, comes first, at the 6th trump. He will be posing as Christ). The true Christ will not return until the 7th (last trump), as it is written (1 Corinthians 15:52; Hebrews 9:26). It cannot happen otherwise]. Proverbs 1:7 King James Version (KJV) 7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction. Proverbs 18:13 King James Version (KJV) 13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him. 2 Thessalonians 2 King James Version (KJV) 1 Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, 2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. 3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; 4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. 5 Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? 6 And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. 7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. 8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: 9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, 10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. Romans 11:8 King James Version (KJV) 8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day. Revelation 3:1). Spiritually dead. In a place of a lot of commerce. This brings distractions, religions, and false trails. Christianity is the reality. 2). Plant seeds, and do not support false teaching. 3). "[Hour" (of temptation): anti-Christ (instead of Christ) will try to persuade you spiritually to follow him, by means of any way that is false, but is guarded and disguised with some truth (2 Thessalonians 2)]; [New subject - "like a thief," because many people will think Christ is already here when the false Christ (Satan; the anti-Christ), comes pretending to be Christ, at the 6th trump). The deceived will be unpleasantly surprised when Christ Jesus returns at the 7th trump (Matthew 24:32-51 - the ones taken first are taken by Satan, as the false Christ. The disciples remain in the field working; Mark 13; Luke 21; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; 1 Corinthians 15:52; Hebrews 9:26-28)]. 4). God's elect will stand. The white robes worn in heaven are woven together by our righteous acts (Revelation 19:8). 5). "Blotting out" (erasing). 7). "Philadelphia" (Brotherly Love). It is critical to understand: the key of David unlocks the meats of the true doctrine of God's Word, and includes knowing the genealogy of David, through which Christ came, and the genealogy of Cain, through which the Kenites came. It is much more than genealogy. This is imperative for understanding the mystery of the Kingdom. Study the mystery of the Kingdom, and the mystery of iniquity. [Note: the church members of Smyrna's teachings are this, as will be all of the church members]. The key of David unlocks the deeper understandings of God's Word, and locks God's Word whereby men cannot change it, as they have with many translations (the Kenites; Genesis 3:15-16; 1 Chronicles 2:55; Luke 11:52; John 8:44-45; Revelation 2:9; 3:9). 8). "Open door, and no man can shut it" (once you know the truth, you cannot be deceived. Always stick to the truth, it is a guarantee). "Yehovah" (YHVH; THE=SACRED=NAME of GOD). There is no letter "J" in the Hebrew alphabet. 9). All are gathered at Christ's feet, and bow to Him. It is not us they will bow to. We will be worshipping at the feet of Christ. 10). We know that Satan (the desolator) is the abomination of desolation, spoken of by the prophet (Daniel 9:27; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14), and will come as the anti-Christ. Therefore, we are not unsuspecting, deceived, or tempted to worship Satan, pretending to be Christ (2 Thessalonians 2). 12). "Overcometh" (Mark 13; Luke 21; Matthew 24; Deuteronomy 32). "Pillar in the temple," (spiritually). He is the Temple, the Word, and the Body. [Reference: Revelation 21:22-27]. 13). Tuned to the Holy Spirit (discernment). 15). Be morally and spiritually correct. Stand for the truth, and be depended on for doing it. We need works (James 2:14-26). 18). Pray for spiritual "(eyes to see and ears to hear)," and for the former and latter rain, to be awake, watching, working in the field, and having understanding (Revelation 7:1-3; Revelation 9). "Buy gold tried by the fire," = works. The more you burn gold, the purer it gets. It is not that gold will hold a high future value, it is that it works well as a teaching aid for us to understand. 19). God will forgive. He loves, and corrects His children. We must do it His way. 20). Open your mind (heart) to Him, and know and understand His will and plan. He opens the door to understanding, removes confusion, and problems, bringing in peace in its proper resting place (abide). Seek, ask, and knock to receive revelation from His Word. Christ is the Prince of Peace, but there will not be world peace until after God's wrath (1 Thessalonians 5:3-7). 21). True Victory. 22). Christ is only pleased with 2 of the 7 churches in the many membered ONE body of Christ's Church (Revelation 1:11). It is our command to bring that many membered body into one accord, as is the body of Christ, and His Church (Bride). Understand that which is outside of Christ's doctrine is not in the body, but the Kingdom is like a net cast, and those things that don't belong are cast out. God gives us the opportunity to make corrections before receiving judgment. Do not be one that worships the false Christ. They will be attending a false wedding, having been beguiled by Satan, the false Christ. This is a test, and it will happen as God's Word says it will. It is impossible for it not to happen as God said, and impossible that it will not happen. Once again, for emphasis: IT IS GOING TO HAPPEN EXACTLY AS GOD SAID IT WILL (absolute guarantee).