ABA Judicial Division

ABA Judicial Division Please review the ABA's code of conduct for posting user content on our social sites: http://www.americanbar.org/utility/codeofconduct.html The Judicial Division (JD) has almost 4,000 members, including federal, state and local trial, appellate, the administrative judiciary and lawyers.

The Division serves as the judicial voice of the ABA. JD membership includes affiliation to one of the six constituent conferences based on court jurisdiction and specialization. Conferences include Appellate Judges Conference, National Conference of the Administrative Law Judiciary, National Conference of Federal Trial Judges, National Conference of Specialized Court Judges, National Conference o

The Division serves as the judicial voice of the ABA. JD membership includes affiliation to one of the six constituent conferences based on court jurisdiction and specialization. Conferences include Appellate Judges Conference, National Conference of the Administrative Law Judiciary, National Conference of Federal Trial Judges, National Conference of Specialized Court Judges, National Conference o

Operating as usual

Judge Andra Sparks joins #GavelTalks this week for a frank discussion of how modern municipal & misdemeanor courts are f...
12/21/2021

Judge Andra Sparks joins #GavelTalks this week for a frank discussion of how modern municipal & misdemeanor courts are focused on being user friendly community-based justice alternatives. https://americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/front-porch-justice

Judge Andra Sparks joins #GavelTalks this week for a frank discussion of how modern municipal & misdemeanor courts are focused on being user friendly community-based justice alternatives. https://americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/front-porch-justice

The newest #GavelTalks episode features Host Richard Ginkowski and Judge Rod Souza discussing #ICWA courts and the chall...
12/07/2021

The newest #GavelTalks episode features Host Richard Ginkowski and Judge Rod Souza discussing #ICWA courts and the challenges Native American children face in the justice system. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/montana-icwa-court

The newest #GavelTalks episode features Host Richard Ginkowski and Judge Rod Souza discussing #ICWA courts and the challenges Native American children face in the justice system. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/montana-icwa-court

We're heading to Denver in June for the 2022 National Traffic Academy! And, if you want to present at the Academy, the N...
12/01/2021

We're heading to Denver in June for the 2022 National Traffic Academy! And, if you want to present at the Academy, the NCSCJ is accepting session proposals through January 14. Learn more at https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/events_cle/national-traffic-academy/

We're heading to Denver in June for the 2022 National Traffic Academy! And, if you want to present at the Academy, the NCSCJ is accepting session proposals through January 14. Learn more at https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/events_cle/national-traffic-academy/

On this #GivingTuesday, direct your donation where your passion lies and support programs that bridge the gap between th...
11/30/2021

On this #GivingTuesday, direct your donation where your passion lies and support programs that bridge the gap between the judiciary and the public, foster diversity on the bench, and promote civic education. Give the Gift of Justice at ambar.org/donatejd

On this #GivingTuesday, direct your donation where your passion lies and support programs that bridge the gap between the judiciary and the public, foster diversity on the bench, and promote civic education. Give the Gift of Justice at ambar.org/donatejd

It's #CyberMonday Season and you can save 30% on Judicial Division books, including Erwin Chemerinsky's The Supreme Cour...
11/26/2021

It's #CyberMonday Season and you can save 30% on Judicial Division books, including Erwin Chemerinsky's The Supreme Court in Transition: October Term 2020. Use code CYBER21 at checkout https://www.americanbar.org/products/inv/book/417986638/ #Chemerinsky

It's #CyberMonday Season and you can save 30% on Judicial Division books, including Erwin Chemerinsky's The Supreme Court in Transition: October Term 2020. Use code CYBER21 at checkout https://www.americanbar.org/products/inv/book/417986638/ #Chemerinsky

We've got plenty underway for #ABAMidyear and we hope to see you in Seattle from February 9-14!  See our schedule & more...
11/23/2021

We've got plenty underway for #ABAMidyear and we hope to see you in Seattle from February 9-14! See our schedule & more at ambar.org/jdmidyear

We've got plenty underway for #ABAMidyear and we hope to see you in Seattle from February 9-14! See our schedule & more at ambar.org/jdmidyear

Photography, recording & live broadcasts from courtrooms are an everyday occurrence, but it wasn't always that way. #Gav...
11/23/2021

Photography, recording & live broadcasts from courtrooms are an everyday occurrence, but it wasn't always that way. #GavelTalks host Richard Ginkowski & retired attorney Randall Graff discuss how the media, the bench, and the Bar made it happen. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/cameras-in-the-courtroom

Photography, recording & live broadcasts from courtrooms are an everyday occurrence, but it wasn't always that way. #GavelTalks host Richard Ginkowski & retired attorney Randall Graff discuss how the media, the bench, and the Bar made it happen. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/cameras-in-the-courtroom

Enjoy being a member of the Judicial Division and your Conference? Tell your network and encourage them to join at ambar...
11/19/2021

Enjoy being a member of the Judicial Division and your Conference? Tell your network and encourage them to join at ambar.org/EachOneABA. #EachOneABA #JoinABA

Enjoy being a member of the Judicial Division and your Conference? Tell your network and encourage them to join at ambar.org/EachOneABA. #EachOneABA #JoinABA

If you missed our November #wellnesswednesday, check out the recording to get some perspectives from military judges on ...
11/17/2021

If you missed our November #wellnesswednesday, check out the recording to get some perspectives from military judges on careers, family, and life https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/events_cle/wellness-wednesday-program-library/judges-in-the-military/

If you missed our November #wellnesswednesday, check out the recording to get some perspectives from military judges on careers, family, and life https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/events_cle/wellness-wednesday-program-library/judges-in-the-military/

Coming up Dec. 1: two sitting Ninth Circuit judges and two appellate lawyers are discussing best practices for litigatin...
11/16/2021
Riding the Circuits: Practice in the Ninth Circuit [CC]

Coming up Dec. 1: two sitting Ninth Circuit judges and two appellate lawyers are discussing best practices for litigating in the Ninth Circuit. From our Council of Appellate Lawyers and ABA Young Lawyers Division
https://www.americanbar.org/events-cle/mtg/web/417916874/

Join two sitting Ninth Circuit judges (Judge Milan D. Smith, Jr. and Judge Jacqueline Nguyen) and two appellate lawyers (Ben Cooper and moderator Scott Dixler) for a discussion of best practices for…

Our fall issue of the Judges' Journal is out now! Articles in this issue consider the many ways judges are challenged by...
11/15/2021

Our fall issue of the Judges' Journal is out now! Articles in this issue consider the many ways judges are challenged by our country’s current political storm of discord. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/judges_journal/2021/fall/

Our fall issue of the Judges' Journal is out now! Articles in this issue consider the many ways judges are challenged by our country’s current political storm of discord. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/judges_journal/2021/fall/

#GavelTalks host Judge Richard Ginkowski comes from a family of accountants - that's why he's a lawyer - and in this 6-m...
11/12/2021

#GavelTalks host Judge Richard Ginkowski comes from a family of accountants - that's why he's a lawyer - and in this 6-minute episode he reminds judges that the IRS is cracking down on unreported or underreported "gig income." https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/tax-tips-for-judges/

#GavelTalks host Judge Richard Ginkowski comes from a family of accountants - that's why he's a lawyer - and in this 6-minute episode he reminds judges that the IRS is cracking down on unreported or underreported "gig income." https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/tax-tips-for-judges/

We're thrilled to have Dean Erwin Chemerinsky's new book available online and at the Appellate Judges Education Institut...
11/11/2021

We're thrilled to have Dean Erwin Chemerinsky's new book available online and at the Appellate Judges Education Institute Summit this week! Get yours today at http://bddy.me/3BBQeKk

The Supreme Court in Transition: October Term 2020 looks back at the major cases addressed by the Court and provides a valuable focus on the implications of these decisions. Available now at https://bddy.me/3k04KFS.

We hope you are joining us and ABA Section of Civil Rights and Social Justice this Friday 4:00pm ET for a live performan...
11/09/2021

We hope you are joining us and ABA Section of Civil Rights and Social Justice this Friday 4:00pm ET for a live performance of “Fairly Traceable" by Mary Kathryn Nagle!

FRIDAY @ 4:00 P.M. ET: Join the ABA Section of Civil Rights and Social Justice and the ABA Judicial Division for a live performance of “Fairly Traceable.” The romantic dramedy reveals the culpability of corporate polluters and climate change deniers in environmental disasters. Directly following the play, our panel, featuring Patty Ferguson-Bohnee (Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law & ABA Section of Civil Rights and Social Justice), Oliver A. Houck (Tulane Law School), Oliver Littlecook (Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma), and Mary Kathryn Nagle (Pipestem & Nagle, P.C.), will discuss the performance and its significance.

Register HERE ➡️ bit.ly/3GJAZCF

We're already looking forward to the Judicial Clerkship Program coming up in February.  Read a little bit from our 2021 ...
11/01/2021
2021 ABA Judicial Clerkship Program Examines Indian Law: Reflections from Participants

We're already looking forward to the Judicial Clerkship Program coming up in February. Read a little bit from our 2021 participants as they reflect on last year's research exercise https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/judicial_division_record_home/2021/vol25-1/jcp-examines-indian-law-reflections-from-participants/

Does a police officer of an Indian tribe have authority to detain temporarily and search a non-Indian on a public right-of-way within a reservation based on a potential violation of state or federal law? This was the research exercise at the 2021 JCP

On this episode of #GavelTalks, family law attorney and author Marie Sarantakis joins Judge Richard Ginkowski to discuss...
10/26/2021

On this episode of #GavelTalks, family law attorney and author Marie Sarantakis joins Judge Richard Ginkowski to discuss what family court judges need to know about narcissistic personality disorder. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/what-family-court-judges-need-to-know-about-narcissistic-personality-disorder

On this episode of #GavelTalks, family law attorney and author Marie Sarantakis joins Judge Richard Ginkowski to discuss what family court judges need to know about narcissistic personality disorder. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/what-family-court-judges-need-to-know-about-narcissistic-personality-disorder

#ABAGivingDay is about putting communities first – rural and urban, rich or poor, near and far. Help communities move fo...
10/25/2021

#ABAGivingDay is about putting communities first – rural and urban, rich or poor, near and far. Help communities move forward in a post-pandemic world by visiting ambar.org/donatejd or givingday.americanbar.org

#ABAGivingDay is about putting communities first – rural and urban, rich or poor, near and far. Help communities move forward in a post-pandemic world by visiting ambar.org/donatejd or givingday.americanbar.org

If you're looking for a practical understanding of AI and its ability to transform legal work, join us October 26 for th...
10/22/2021
Artificial Intelligence and the Law: Overview, Limits, Discovery, and Admissibility [CC]

If you're looking for a practical understanding of AI and its ability to transform legal work, join us October 26 for this CLE webinar sponsored by Thomson Reuters https://www.americanbar.org/events-cle/mtg/web/416905225/

Attendees will obtain a practical understanding of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its ability to transform legal work. Participants will learn how to recognize and avoid bias in AI algorithms and p…

Don't miss next week's free webinar with American Bar Association - Commission on Disability Rights on living with a dis...
10/20/2021
Welcome! You are invited to join a webinar: Living with a Disability in the Profession. After registering, you will receive a confirmation email about joining the webinar.

Don't miss next week's free webinar with American Bar Association - Commission on Disability Rights on living with a disability in the legal profession, particularly looking at courts & the judiciary #NDEAM https://americanbar.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_bizs0S6rRJWqZaL0GcvGfw

This program features judges and lawyers who will share their individual experiences living with disabilities in the legal profession, both positive and negative. With a particular focus on courts and the judiciary, the panel will discuss how the profession can be more welcoming, accessible, and inc...

Security consultant John Muffler and fellow Judge Jason Rossell join #GavelTalks host Richard Ginkowski as he offers up ...
10/15/2021

Security consultant John Muffler and fellow Judge Jason Rossell join #GavelTalks host Richard Ginkowski as he offers up this “top ten list” of common-sense security and planning measures judges must proactively take to protect themselves, their staff and the courtroom safe and the court operating. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/top-ten-tips-to-keep-you-your-staff-and-your-courtroom-safe-and-your-court-operating/

Security consultant John Muffler and fellow Judge Jason Rossell join #GavelTalks host Richard Ginkowski as he offers up this “top ten list” of common-sense security and planning measures judges must proactively take to protect themselves, their staff and the courtroom safe and the court operating. https://www.americanbar.org/groups/judicial/publications/gavel_talks/season-3/top-ten-tips-to-keep-you-your-staff-and-your-courtroom-safe-and-your-court-operating/

National Conference of Specialized Court Judges member Neil Axel talks DUI courts, traffic safety, and the Judicial Outr...
10/15/2021
Judge Neil Axel uses DUI court experience to tackle traffic safety

National Conference of Specialized Court Judges member Neil Axel talks DUI courts, traffic safety, and the Judicial Outreach Liaison and Judicial Fellows Program with the ABA Journal

In April, Judge Neil Axel sat in his old Howard County courtroom in Maryland, observing the adult drug and DUI court program he once presided over for more than six years.

Hispanic Trailblazers on the Federal BenchFriday, October 8 | 12:00 pm ETFree Non-CLE WebinarCelebrate Hispanic Heritage...
10/06/2021
Welcome! You are invited to join a webinar: Hispanic Trailblazers on the Federal Bench. After registering, you will receive a confirmation email about joining the webinar.

Hispanic Trailblazers on the Federal Bench
Friday, October 8 | 12:00 pm ET
Free Non-CLE Webinar

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month with the ABA Judicial Division by joining in a webinar titled, “Hispanic Trailblazers on the Federal Bench”. This interactive panel will discuss the judges’ backgrounds, their path to the bench, perspectives from the bench, and career advice for lawyers of all levels.

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month with the ABA Judicial Division by joining in a webinar titled, “Hispanic Trailblazers on the Federal Bench”. This interactive panel will discuss the judges’ backgrounds, their path to the bench, perspectives from the bench, and career advice for lawyers of all...

"First Thursdays" CLE Webinar: October 7, 1:00 pm ETAddressing the estimated $2 billion shortfall resulting from the US ...
10/05/2021
Final Notice-Past Due: The Challenges and Cost of Justice in the wake of McGirt v Oklahoma [CC]

"First Thursdays" CLE Webinar: October 7, 1:00 pm ET

Addressing the estimated $2 billion shortfall resulting from the US Supreme Court's ruling on McGirt v. Oklahoma, panelists will discuss what can be done to ensure proper administration of justice for delayed cases and cases going forward. https://www.americanbar.org/events-cle/mtg/web/416616912/

Convicted in an Oklahoma state court of violent s*x crimes occurring on Muscogee (Creek) Nation lands, Jimcy McGirt argued that under 19th century treaties, he, as a Seminole, could only be prosecute…

09/14/2021
www.americanbar.org

On September 14, 2021, ABA President Reginald M. Turner sent a letter to House and Senate Leadership urging Congress to provide the funding needed to protect our judges, ensure safe public access to our courts, and defend against cybersecurity attacks.https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/government_affairs_office/jud-infrastructure-and-jud-secur-needs.pdf

September 9, 2:00 pm ETThe U.S. troops are gone from Afghanistan, but the crisis is far from over. Tens of thousands of ...
09/07/2021
Afghanistan: A Rapid Response to the Recent U.S. Withdrawal and How You Can Help

September 9, 2:00 pm ET

The U.S. troops are gone from Afghanistan, but the crisis is far from over. Tens of thousands of Afghans have fled their homeland, with little more than the clothes on their backs. Many are now refugees in the U.S. or elsewhere. Thousands more remain in the country, stranded and desperate to escape the rule of the Taliban. There is an overwhelming need for assistance for the Afghan refugees in this country, as well as the Afghans still in Afghanistan but anxious to leave. Join us for briefing on the current situation in Afghanistan and stateside, the ongoing efforts to support Afghans seeking to relocate to the U.S., and the many opportunities for you to help.

Jointly sponsored by the ABA Section of Civil Rights and Social Justice, Center for Human Rights, Commission on Immigration, International Law Section, and Judicial Division.

https://www.americanbar.org/groups/crsj/events_cle/recent/afghanistan-rapid-response/

This webinar discusses the current situation in Afghanistan and stateside, the ongoing efforts to support Afghans seeking to relocate to the U.S., and the many opportunities for you to help.

Address

321 N Clark St
Chicago, IL
60654

Telephone

(800) 285-2221

Products

"The Judges' Journal" is the JD's award-winning quarterly publication and one of the nation's foremost judicial journals and authoritative source on innovations in the justice system.

Alerts

Be the first to know and let us send you an email when ABA Judicial Division posts news and promotions. Your email address will not be used for any other purpose, and you can unsubscribe at any time.

Contact The Business

Send a message to ABA Judicial Division:

Our Story

The Judicial Division (JD) has more than 6,500 members, including federal, state and local trial, appellate, and administrative judges and lawyers, law students, and legal professionals. The Division serves as the judicial voice of the ABA. JD membership includes affiliation to one of the six constituent conferences based on court jurisdiction and specialization. Conferences include Appellate Judges Conference, National Conference of the Administrative Law Judiciary, National Conference of Federal Trial Judges, National Conference of Specialized Court Judges, National Conference of State Trial Judges, and Lawyers Conference. The posts (and any corresponding materials) and views on this page have not been approved by the ABA, Judicial Division, or their staff or governing bodies.

Nearby government services


Other Chicago government services

Show All

Comments

One of my new paintings
This is judicial corruption and abuse at it's worst. Accountability is a MUST! PLEASE LIKE- SHARE- FOLLOW https://www.facebook.com/StopJudgeBrownDivision7/?ref=bookmarks
何謂「人」?何謂「社會」? 何謂「機制」? 又,何謂「民主與法治」? 何謂《憲法》?何謂「天賦基本人權」?何謂「國家教育」? 何謂「政治權」、「自由權」與「人民的選擇」,何謂「國家利益」或「公共利益」? 何謂「選民」?」又何謂「政府或國家造成或使其作為愚昧的人民」?」 何謂「人民國家的生存成長發展」? 何謂「國家的生存成長發展」? 何謂「國家教育」下,或「人民集體選擇」下,「民主的獨夫」或「民主的殺人機器」而不僅於「戰爭行為」?又,歷史上可未曾發生過? 何謂「總統的高度」?「聯合國」「五大常任理事國」於「中華民國」蔣介石(蔣中正)先生、「法國維琪政府」的討論? 何謂《公民與政治權利國際公約》?又,其第6條與第15條規定?另,何謂「聯合國大會1968年2391號決議案」? 何謂「生存權」?何謂「死刑犯」?又,何謂「不構成刑事犯罪」?另,何謂「審判與刑罰」?與何謂「不受」,而何謂「受」?而不致於發生「濫行起訴」與「枉法裁判」? 何謂《防止及懲治滅絕種族罪公約》?何謂《禁止酷刑和其他殘忍、不人道或有辱人格的待遇或處罰公約》?何謂「反人類罪」?何謂「反人道罪(非法之醫學或科學的人體試驗)」?何謂「戰爭罪」?何謂「情節重大之犯罪」? 何謂「法律用語」之「得」與「不得」或「應」? 何謂「特赦權」?何謂《赦免法》?何謂《憲法》下,人民所選擇出之「總統」,渠「應作為義務」與「可行使的特權」? 何謂「依法行政」?何謂「貫徹正當法律程序」? 何謂「政府殺人」或「國家機器殺人」?又,何謂「國家殺人」? 何謂「惡法亦法」或「惡法非法」?又,何謂「公民不服從」? 何謂「人權教育」?而非不為「於不法之人權教育與人權實踐」! 何謂「聯合國」? 何謂《聯合國憲章》?何謂《聯合國憲章》之宗旨與原則? 何謂「地理位置」?又,何謂「人民」?何謂「國族」或「民族」,或「種族」? 又,何謂「國家(自然特徵)」,或「國家(民族、國籍)」或「國家(政府、國土)」? 何謂「地理位置」上「人民」的「國家」(以下稱「人民國家」)?又,何謂「國家」之「憲政秩序」與其「國家機器」? 何謂《國籍法》、「自由意志」、「統治行為」?又,何謂「叛亂」或「革命」?而該兩者是否毋須區分? 何謂「國家繼承」?何謂「國家承認」?又,何謂「流亡政府」?何謂「分裂國家」?可否見於「中華民國」與「中華人民共和國」兩國《憲法》規範有「國都」? 何謂「介入他國內政」?何謂《聯合國憲章》第18條之「重要問題」? 何謂「國家參與」或「政府參與」?又,何謂「憲法程序」與「全權證書」與否? 何謂《聯合國憲章》第110條或第4條之「入會」?又,何謂「聯合國大會1970年2642號決議案」?而真非不許「中華人民共和國」之「新會員入會」,卻非得作為方式於「方屬非法占據代表中國之聯合國代表權」? 何謂「國家參與」或「政府參與」?又,何謂《聯合國憲章》第110條之「憲法程序」?另,何謂《大會議事規則》第27條(《大會暫行議事規則》第23條)與《維也納條約法公約》第7條之「全權證書」(「聯合國大會1975年3496號決議案」之「關於國家繼承對國家間條約公約」與《關於國家繼承對國家間條約公約》)? 何謂「凡曾經參加金山聯合國國際組織會議或前此曾簽字於一九四二年一月一日聯合國宣言之國家,簽訂本憲章,且依憲章第110條規定而予以批准者」或「為聯合國會員國,將由大會經安全理事會之推薦以決議行之」(《聯合國憲章》第3條或第4條)?又,何謂「聯合國大會1970年2642號決議案」?真非影響「中華人民共和國」變成「新會員入會」,而「可能非法占據之屬於中華民國的聯合國代表權」不應被「中華人民共和國」所取代。 何謂「白色恐怖」?何謂「轉型正義」? 何謂「轉型正義」下之「轉型正義」?何謂「程序正義」?何謂「行為」與「行為」規範?何謂「法律規範」? 何謂「台灣獨立」或「兩岸統一」?而何謂「民主機制與民主程序」? 「教育」,非僅是一種作用於「消滅功能」,或僅「促其發生的功能」,抑或更藉由「教育」,型塑「價值觀」與訓練開創「獨立判斷」能力,及不僅「技能的提升」,更為「學習能力」、「挫折成長」與「人格和思想」的啟發與培育;從而,更藉由「教育」達成於「場域」的「思想創造與價值想像」,更非於「機會教育」下,造成巨大不幸的「人權迷失」! 前述,不僅於「個人的不法」,甚或有「國家機器的不法」,其不僅於國家的人權實踐已是一種值得深思與批判。倘除未能實踐於避免人權遭害事件外,而更無能由遭害事件來進行難堪的人權教育。又,更以不法手段對決不法,就更為再次的程序正義難堪與傷害,其如何作為成就與價值論述,而人權教育又何在? 當「國際社會」的「藐視與漠視」?而作為一個「人民國家」下的「人民」,渠等可「主動願意」來集結不僅國內、外人民的「教育與資源」。又,經由「集體力量」於大家的「溝通論述」,而尚非抵達「獨立運動」或「發動戰爭」的必要時間!況,當然實務上根本無能於對「聯合國」宣戰,而且亦非於僅難以達成的不法方式來使其「屈從或消滅」! 當將問題擱著時,其是否會「自己主動迎刃而解」嗎?且何謂「積極促進人權之實踐」與「消極避免對人權之侵害」?又,當「沒有解決不了的問題,只有不願意面對的問題」!另,就「人民國家」的人民,渠等「永遠是弱勢」,因為人民未必想「革命」,而將戮力辛勤的建設來毀於一旦,且更非易於成功。況,手段的採取,真面臨於「民主的獨夫」,或究竟屬誰的「國家利益」,而其非僅對「少數人侵害」,亦無能由「民主程序」實踐之!? 有一天,當你的「國家」而不僅自身面臨「生存挑戰」,與「基本天賦人權」等遭受「國家機器」侵害,「你可願意站出來對抗」?又,這個「人民國家」的「人民」是否有意願眾多者「挺身而出」,「勇於論述」來為「真理」、「自身權益」與「生存發展」發聲?! What is meant by "person" and "society"? What is meant by "mechanism" and "the democracy and the rule of law"? What is meant by "constitution", "natural human rights" and "national education"? What is meant by "political powers", "freedom rights" and "people's choices"? And what is meant by "national interests" or "public interests"? What is meant by "the electorate"? And what is meant by "the government or the country cause or make it a foolish people?" What is meant by "the survival, growth and development of the people”? And what is meant by "the survival, growth and development of the country"? What is meant by "national education" or "people's collective choice"? And what is meant by "the traitorous dictator of the democracy or democratic killing machine but not only a war behavior"? Had it never been occurred in history of the people? What is meant by "president's altitude"? And what is discussion by "the five permanent members of the United Nations" to" Mr. Chiang Kai-Shek of the Republic of China" and "the French Vichy Government"? What is meant by "the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights"? And what is meant by "the provisions of its Articles 6 and 15"? In addition, what is meant by "United Nations General Assembly resolution 2391 of 1968"? What is meant by "the right to subsistence"? And what meant by "did not constitute a criminal offence" and "the trial and punishment"? In addition, what is meant by "this article is an obligation" and does not cause "the prosecution was abused by the law" and " the referee was distorted by the law "? What is meant by "the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide", "the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ", " constitute crimes against humanity (Hate crime or biased crime)", "crime against humanity (Illegal medical or scientific human trials)", "war crimes", and " the most serious crimes in accordance with the law in force at the time of the commission of the crime"? What is meant by " may and may not or shall at the legalese "? What is the "prerogative of pardon" and "the law of the pardon"? And what is meant by "the president who had been selected by the people under the constitution should be obligatory and may carry out privilege"? What is meant by "administration by law" and "put into practice the enforcement of the due process of law"? What is meant by "government killing" or "state machine killing"? And what is meant by "national killing"? What is meant by "evil law is law" or "evil law's illegal"? And what is meant by "civil disobedience?" What is meant by "human rights education"? Not human rights to being unlawful but the education and practice of the human rights! What is meant by "UN", "UN Charter" and "the purpose and principle of the UN Charter"? What is meant by "geographical location"? And what is meant by "people", and "nationality" or "ethnicity" or "race"? In addition, what is meant by "country", or "nation", or "state"? What is meant by "nation of the people in the geography" (hereinafter referred to as "the people's country")? And what is meant by "the constitutional structure of the nation and its national machine? What is meant by "nationality law", "free will", "governing behavior"? And what is meant by "rebellion" or "revolution"? Also, do they need to distinguish between the two? What is meant by "succession of states ", "recognition of nation "? And what is meant by "exile government", "split country"? Can you see the constitution norms in which the "Republic of China" and the "People's Republic of China" about the "national capital"? What is meant by "intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state"? And what is meant by "important question" of Article 18 of the UN Charter? What is meant by "national participation" or "government participation"? And what is meant by "constitutional procedure "of Article 110 of the "UN Charter"? In addition, what is meant by "credentials committee" of rule 27 of "the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly (rule 23 of the "provisional rules of procedure for the general assembly)" and of Article 7 of "the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties"("succession of states in respect of treaties" of "United Nations General Assembly resolution3496 of 1975" and "Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties")? What is meant by "having participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, sign the present Charter and ratify it in accordance with Article 110." or "membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council " (Article 3 or 4 of the United Nations Charter)? And what is meant by "UN General Assembly Resolution 2642 of 1970"? So it will not be effected to the "P. R. C." become "new member joining", but the United Nations representation belong to R. O. C that may the way of illegal occupation shouldn't been replaced to P. R. C. . What is meant by "white terror" and "transitional justice"? What is meant by "transitional justice under transitional justice"? But what is meant by "procedural justice"? And what meant by "behavior", "the rules of behavior" and "the norm of laws"? What is meant by "Taiwan independence" or "unify across the Taiwan Strait"? And what is meant by "democratic mechanism and democratic procedure"? "Education" is not just the intention of "extinctive function", or merely "the function that causes it to happen". Or even by means of "pass on one's art", shaping "values" and training to create the capability of the "independent judgment", and not only "the improvement of skills". But even more important is more inspire and foster at the "learning ability", "frustration and growth", and "character and thought". As a result, ideological creation and value imagining had been achieved through education in the field, not to mention “opportunity education” where caused by huge misfortune “lost in human rights”. As mentioned above, not only "individual wrongdoing" but also "illegality of the state machine", not only the practice of national human rights had already been a worthy of deep thinking and criticism. In addition to failing to practice in avoiding human rights abuses, they had less capable to carry out embarrassing human rights education. What is more, use unscrupulous methods to resolve wrongdoing is even more embarrassing and injurious to renewed procedural justice. How does it serve as an account of achievements and values, and where is human rights education? When the international community disdain and disregard, serves as a people under a people’s country can take the initiative with a will to reunite the education and resources by the people at home and abroad. Moreover, through the “communicative discourse” of “collective power” in everyone, it is not yet necessary to arrive at the “independent movement” or “war”! As a matter of fact, in practice, it is fundamentally incapable of declaring war on the “United Nations”, and it is about yield or eliminate whom the unlawful way hard to make! While the problem be left behind, will it take the initiative to solve? And what is meant by “the practice of actively promoting human rights” and “negatively avoiding violations of human rights”? Also, "there are no problems that cannot be solved, and only problems that we do not want to face!" In addition, regarding the people of the “people’s country” who will always be disadvantaged may not want to “revolution” and not only destroy the hard-working construction, but also make it less likely to succeed. In fact, the adoption of the means is really faced with “the traitorous dictator of the democracy” or who owns the “national interest”. It is not just a “violations of small number people”, nor is it incapable of being practiced by “democratic procedures”! One day, when your "nation" is not only confronted with "survival challenges" and "natural human rights", it has been infringed upon by the "state machine". Can you stand up and fight? Also, does the “people” of the “people’s country” have a large number of willingness “to stand forward” and “courage to discuss” to speak up for “truth,” “self-interest,” and “survival and development”?