Library of Congress International Collections

Library of Congress International Collections The international collections of the Library of Congress are the largest in the world with millions of items in hundreds of different languages and scripts.
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The Library of Congress’ international collections contain millions of items in hundreds of languages and scripts. These collections include books, manuscripts, newspapers, magazines, films, audio recordings, and much more! There are rarities and there are contemporary newspapers and magazines. The Library’s four area studies division reading rooms — African and Middle Eastern, Asian, European, an

The Library of Congress’ international collections contain millions of items in hundreds of languages and scripts. These collections include books, manuscripts, newspapers, magazines, films, audio recordings, and much more! There are rarities and there are contemporary newspapers and magazines. The Library’s four area studies division reading rooms — African and Middle Eastern, Asian, European, an

Operating as usual

The recent Tokyo Olympics marked the second time the Summer Games have been held in Japan. The first was the 1964 Tokyo ...
09/04/2021

The recent Tokyo Olympics marked the second time the Summer Games have been held in Japan. The first was the 1964 Tokyo Games. Japanese Olympic history, though, stretches all the way back to 1912, when it began with the efforts of a handful of athletes. Check out the new blog post “Japan and the Olympics Before the 1964 Tokyo Games,” https://go.usa.gov/xMavD, to learn how this history also features important contributions from women and colonial Korean subjects and includes the legacy of Tokyo 1940, the “phantom Olympics” that the Japanese government ultimately chose to forfeit.

The recent Tokyo Olympics marked the second time the Summer Games have been held in Japan. The first was the 1964 Tokyo Games. Japanese Olympic history, though, stretches all the way back to 1912, when it began with the efforts of a handful of athletes. Check out the new blog post “Japan and the Olympics Before the 1964 Tokyo Games,” https://go.usa.gov/xMavD, to learn how this history also features important contributions from women and colonial Korean subjects and includes the legacy of Tokyo 1940, the “phantom Olympics” that the Japanese government ultimately chose to forfeit.

One of the world’s smallest countries, San Marino (24 sq. mi.) is possibly the oldest surviving republic in the world. T...
09/03/2021

One of the world’s smallest countries, San Marino (24 sq. mi.) is possibly the oldest surviving republic in the world. The country and its capital are both named after Saint Marinus (San Marino), a Christian stonemason who with a group of followers settled in that locality A.D. 301, away from Roman Emperor Diocletian’s persecution of Christians. Amazingly, San Marino has managed to survive while other similar small European republics were gradually absorbed into larger political entities.

The three towers in San Marino’s coat of arms represent the three castles on Monte Titano (2,425 ft.), part of the Apennine mountain range. In the photo, from left to right they are Montale (14th century), Cesta (13th century) and Guaita (11th century). The castle in the drawing features Guaita.

The drawings are from https://lccn.loc.gov/32026663?loclr=fbint, pp. 294-320.
The photograph of a farming scene from a century ago, is at https://www.loc.gov/item/2011661657/?loclr=fbint.

One of the world’s smallest countries, San Marino (24 sq. mi.) is possibly the oldest surviving republic in the world. The country and its capital are both named after Saint Marinus (San Marino), a Christian stonemason who with a group of followers settled in that locality A.D. 301, away from Roman Emperor Diocletian’s persecution of Christians. Amazingly, San Marino has managed to survive while other similar small European republics were gradually absorbed into larger political entities.

The three towers in San Marino’s coat of arms represent the three castles on Monte Titano (2,425 ft.), part of the Apennine mountain range. In the photo, from left to right they are Montale (14th century), Cesta (13th century) and Guaita (11th century). The castle in the drawing features Guaita.

The drawings are from https://lccn.loc.gov/32026663?loclr=fbint, pp. 294-320.
The photograph of a farming scene from a century ago, is at https://www.loc.gov/item/2011661657/?loclr=fbint.

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 B.C.) lived in turbulent times. Rome was evolving from a republic through various forms of...
09/02/2021

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 B.C.) lived in turbulent times. Rome was evolving from a republic through various forms of governance to Julius Caesar’s 46-44 B.C. term of dictatorship and the beginning of the Roman Empire with Octavian declared Emperor Augustus in 27 B.C. The fight to control Rome resulted in shifting political alliances and harsh punishment of those in opposition. This made involvement in matters of state highly dangerous. However, Cicero, a gifted orator, statesman, writer and supporter of the republic, chose to support various powerful figures with similar aims and was successful at it for many years. Nonetheless, mocking the talented and ambitious young Octavian eventually lead to Cicero’s capture and death.
Cicero was a prolific author who wrote on many topics. His use of Greek philosophical writings made him an important transmitter of Greek philosophy for successive generations. Cicero’s “Philippics,” begun on September 2, 44 B.C. were a series of orations attacking the dictator-friendly Mark Antony. The name of the orations refers to the pro-freedom speeches of the Athenian statesman and orator Demosthenes against the empire-building Philip II of Macedonia. Cicero’s writing have been studied to this day, both for content and style. The reverence of Cicero may be seen in the beautiful 1465 edition of “De Officiis,” translated variously as “On Duties” or “On Moral Obligations.”
Images: Cicero, https://go.usa.gov/xMcsd; “De Officiis,” http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.rbc/rosenwald.0034.2, digitized edition.

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 B.C.) lived in turbulent times. Rome was evolving from a republic through various forms of governance to Julius Caesar’s 46-44 B.C. term of dictatorship and the beginning of the Roman Empire with Octavian declared Emperor Augustus in 27 B.C. The fight to control Rome resulted in shifting political alliances and harsh punishment of those in opposition. This made involvement in matters of state highly dangerous. However, Cicero, a gifted orator, statesman, writer and supporter of the republic, chose to support various powerful figures with similar aims and was successful at it for many years. Nonetheless, mocking the talented and ambitious young Octavian eventually lead to Cicero’s capture and death.
Cicero was a prolific author who wrote on many topics. His use of Greek philosophical writings made him an important transmitter of Greek philosophy for successive generations. Cicero’s “Philippics,” begun on September 2, 44 B.C. were a series of orations attacking the dictator-friendly Mark Antony. The name of the orations refers to the pro-freedom speeches of the Athenian statesman and orator Demosthenes against the empire-building Philip II of Macedonia. Cicero’s writing have been studied to this day, both for content and style. The reverence of Cicero may be seen in the beautiful 1465 edition of “De Officiis,” translated variously as “On Duties” or “On Moral Obligations.”
Images: Cicero, https://go.usa.gov/xMcsd; “De Officiis,” http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.rbc/rosenwald.0034.2, digitized edition.

New online from the Library of Congress: “Middle East/North Africa Government Institutions Web Archive,” https://go.usa....
09/01/2021

New online from the Library of Congress: “Middle East/North Africa Government Institutions Web Archive,” https://go.usa.gov/xFJHb. More government organizations from countries in the Middle East and North Africa are relying on their official websites to disseminate information that would otherwise have been in print format. This newly assembled web archive is a collection of available websites from these government institutions. The preserved content is especially valuable for understanding the application of Islamic banking and finance at the national levels.

For more information, see the blogpost: “Middle East and North African Government Institution Websites Digitally Preserved,” https://go.usa.gov/xFJHB.

For reference assistance, contact the African and Middle Eastern Reading Room either via Ask a Librarian, https://go.usa.gov/xFJHK, or call (202) 707-4188.

New online from the Library of Congress: “Middle East/North Africa Government Institutions Web Archive,” https://go.usa.gov/xFJHb. More government organizations from countries in the Middle East and North Africa are relying on their official websites to disseminate information that would otherwise have been in print format. This newly assembled web archive is a collection of available websites from these government institutions. The preserved content is especially valuable for understanding the application of Islamic banking and finance at the national levels.

For more information, see the blogpost: “Middle East and North African Government Institution Websites Digitally Preserved,” https://go.usa.gov/xFJHB.

For reference assistance, contact the African and Middle Eastern Reading Room either via Ask a Librarian, https://go.usa.gov/xFJHK, or call (202) 707-4188.

The Asian Division holds nearly 30 works by the famous Lao scholar Mahā Silā Vīravong, including several editions of ...
08/31/2021

The Asian Division holds nearly 30 works by the famous Lao scholar Mahā Silā Vīravong, including several editions of his grammar, works on Lao versification and proverbs, his editions of classical Lao literature, works on Lao customs and religious life, his autobiography and his history of his mentor, Prince Phetsarath Rattanavong. Besides this he wrote for many newspapers and journals and even opened a publishing house. There are more titles than can be listed here. For a full account please see this text celebrating his life and work, “Mahā Silā Vīravong: sīvit læ phonngān,” https://go.usa.gov/xFt2c.
Silā was perhaps best known for his historical works. The most famous was his history of Laos, “Phongsāvadān Lāo,” https://go.usa.gov/xFt2a, which first appeared in 1957 marking the 2500th year in the Buddhist era. But he continued to revise it down the years: a 2001 version includes a new section on the colonial era not in the first edition. Besides serving as a secondary school textbook, there is also an English version, Silā being one of the few Lao scholars to have their works translated into English, https://go.usa.gov/xFt2r.

The Asian Division holds nearly 30 works by the famous Lao scholar Mahā Silā Vīravong, including several editions of his grammar, works on Lao versification and proverbs, his editions of classical Lao literature, works on Lao customs and religious life, his autobiography and his history of his mentor, Prince Phetsarath Rattanavong. Besides this he wrote for many newspapers and journals and even opened a publishing house. There are more titles than can be listed here. For a full account please see this text celebrating his life and work, “Mahā Silā Vīravong: sīvit læ phonngān,” https://go.usa.gov/xFt2c.
Silā was perhaps best known for his historical works. The most famous was his history of Laos, “Phongsāvadān Lāo,” https://go.usa.gov/xFt2a, which first appeared in 1957 marking the 2500th year in the Buddhist era. But he continued to revise it down the years: a 2001 version includes a new section on the colonial era not in the first edition. Besides serving as a secondary school textbook, there is also an English version, Silā being one of the few Lao scholars to have their works translated into English, https://go.usa.gov/xFt2r.

Megan Robb (University of Pennsylvania, Religious Studies).Date: Friday, Sept. 3, 2021 (11:00am CST/9:00am PST/4:00pm GM...
08/31/2021

Megan Robb (University of Pennsylvania, Religious Studies).
Date: Friday, Sept. 3, 2021 (11:00am CST/9:00am PST/4:00pm GMT/9:30pm IST)
Time: 12:00pm EST
Zoom link: https://loc.zoomgov.com/webinar/register/8916257729926/WN_Gc5qj3yZQ56v_2xj409UdA

Join the Asian Division at the Library of Congress on September 3 at 12:00pm EST (11:00am CST/9:00am PST/4:00pm GMT/9:30pm IST) for a discussion on how a small-town newspaper used lithographic technology to cast a significant slice of Urdu journalism conversation as distinctively Muslim. Discussing a chapter of her recently published book, “Print and the Urdu Public: Muslims, Newspapers, and Urban Life in Colonial India,” Dr. Megan Robb (University of Pennsylvania, Religious Studies) will discuss the development of the newspaper “Madinah” as an extension of networks of correspondence and kinship in North Indian qasbahs. Distinctive deployment of lithographic technology helped to transform the far-flung qasbah of Bijnor into an imagined "city" both intimately connected to the world and a place set apart from dangerously Westernized cities.
For more information, contact South Asian reference librarian Charlotte Giles at [email protected].

Megan Robb (University of Pennsylvania, Religious Studies).
Date: Friday, Sept. 3, 2021 (11:00am CST/9:00am PST/4:00pm GMT/9:30pm IST)
Time: 12:00pm EST
Zoom link: https://loc.zoomgov.com/webinar/register/8916257729926/WN_Gc5qj3yZQ56v_2xj409UdA

Join the Asian Division at the Library of Congress on September 3 at 12:00pm EST (11:00am CST/9:00am PST/4:00pm GMT/9:30pm IST) for a discussion on how a small-town newspaper used lithographic technology to cast a significant slice of Urdu journalism conversation as distinctively Muslim. Discussing a chapter of her recently published book, “Print and the Urdu Public: Muslims, Newspapers, and Urban Life in Colonial India,” Dr. Megan Robb (University of Pennsylvania, Religious Studies) will discuss the development of the newspaper “Madinah” as an extension of networks of correspondence and kinship in North Indian qasbahs. Distinctive deployment of lithographic technology helped to transform the far-flung qasbah of Bijnor into an imagined "city" both intimately connected to the world and a place set apart from dangerously Westernized cities.
For more information, contact South Asian reference librarian Charlotte Giles at [email protected].

Interested in the history of South Asian print culture? Check out the new blog post “Highlighting the Treasures of the N...
08/30/2021

Interested in the history of South Asian print culture? Check out the new blog post “Highlighting the Treasures of the Naqvi Collection: A Typewritten Urdu Translation of Wajid ‘Ali Shah’s Reply to the Blue Book,” https://go.usa.gov/xFuWC. The story behind this document begins in 1856, when the British East India Company annexed the state of Awadh (Oudh) in northeastern India and indecorously exiled its king, Wajid ‘Ali Shah (1822-87). Allegations of misrule were leveled against him in a collection of parliamentary papers known as the “Blue Book of Oudh.” In response, Wajid ‘Ali Shah composed a refutation of the charges in English. A little over a century later, his great-grandson, Kaukab Qadr, translated it into Urdu in Lucknow, India. The Library of Congress holds this typed manuscript of the partial translation in the Naqvi Collection. While the circumstances leading to its translation are still unclear, it hints at a wealth of possibilities for researchers and enthusiasts of Indian history.
Images: Refutation of the “Blue Book” charges (English and Urdu), https://go.usa.gov/xFuzK; Wajid ʻAli Shah, King of Oudh, https://go.usa.gov/xFuu3; Map of India ca. 1903 https://go.usa.gov/xFuzR.

Interested in the history of South Asian print culture? Check out the new blog post “Highlighting the Treasures of the Naqvi Collection: A Typewritten Urdu Translation of Wajid ‘Ali Shah’s Reply to the Blue Book,” https://go.usa.gov/xFuWC. The story behind this document begins in 1856, when the British East India Company annexed the state of Awadh (Oudh) in northeastern India and indecorously exiled its king, Wajid ‘Ali Shah (1822-87). Allegations of misrule were leveled against him in a collection of parliamentary papers known as the “Blue Book of Oudh.” In response, Wajid ‘Ali Shah composed a refutation of the charges in English. A little over a century later, his great-grandson, Kaukab Qadr, translated it into Urdu in Lucknow, India. The Library of Congress holds this typed manuscript of the partial translation in the Naqvi Collection. While the circumstances leading to its translation are still unclear, it hints at a wealth of possibilities for researchers and enthusiasts of Indian history.
Images: Refutation of the “Blue Book” charges (English and Urdu), https://go.usa.gov/xFuzK; Wajid ʻAli Shah, King of Oudh, https://go.usa.gov/xFuu3; Map of India ca. 1903 https://go.usa.gov/xFuzR.

The African and Middle Eastern Division of the Library of Congress is pleased to announce a new online presentation of i...
08/29/2021

The African and Middle Eastern Division of the Library of Congress is pleased to announce a new online presentation of its Cuneiform tablets collection, https://www.loc.gov/collections/cuneiform-tablets/about-this-collection/?loclr=fbint. Cuneiform is an ancient writing system invented by the Sumerians in modern day Iraq circa 3000 BCE. It involves the use of a wedge-shaped reed stylus to make impressions on clay forming its signs. One of the oldest writing systems on record, Cuneiform was utilized by many ancient civilizations, including Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit. The Library’s Cuneiform collection is composed of 38 items inscribed on clay tablets, cones, and brick fragments. These items, which come in a variety of shapes and sizes, include school tablets, accounting records, as well as religious and commemorative inscriptions. Dating from the reign of Gudea of Lagash (2144-2124 B.C.) to Shalmanassar III (858-824 B.C.), these Cuneiform tablets are some of the Library’s oldest and rarest collections. You can now digitally view and examine these rare items without leaving the comfort of your home.
Images l to r: School exercise tablet and detail (Cuneiform tablet no. 02), between 2200 B.C. and 1900 B.C., https://go.usa.gov/xFzBX. Receipt of livestock (Cuneiform tablet no. 27), 2047 B.C., https://go.usa.gov/xFzB5, Kirkor Minassian Collection, Library of Congress.

The African and Middle Eastern Division of the Library of Congress is pleased to announce a new online presentation of its Cuneiform tablets collection, https://www.loc.gov/collections/cuneiform-tablets/about-this-collection/?loclr=fbint. Cuneiform is an ancient writing system invented by the Sumerians in modern day Iraq circa 3000 BCE. It involves the use of a wedge-shaped reed stylus to make impressions on clay forming its signs. One of the oldest writing systems on record, Cuneiform was utilized by many ancient civilizations, including Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit. The Library’s Cuneiform collection is composed of 38 items inscribed on clay tablets, cones, and brick fragments. These items, which come in a variety of shapes and sizes, include school tablets, accounting records, as well as religious and commemorative inscriptions. Dating from the reign of Gudea of Lagash (2144-2124 B.C.) to Shalmanassar III (858-824 B.C.), these Cuneiform tablets are some of the Library’s oldest and rarest collections. You can now digitally view and examine these rare items without leaving the comfort of your home.
Images l to r: School exercise tablet and detail (Cuneiform tablet no. 02), between 2200 B.C. and 1900 B.C., https://go.usa.gov/xFzBX. Receipt of livestock (Cuneiform tablet no. 27), 2047 B.C., https://go.usa.gov/xFzB5, Kirkor Minassian Collection, Library of Congress.

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BECAUSE EXTRACTED 2 NEW ABSOLUTE TRUTHS FROM SHADOW OF KNOWLEDGE AND NOT OBSERVATIONAL (#How_Apple_fall_On_Mars) but by #Logic_Of_Truth and #Mathematics_Rigor :"Book of Millennium III""America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals"is under 2 Copyrights by 2015:1. Under "Humanity Natural Law Of Copyright " because is an Absolute New Discovery extracted into #Saint_Day_2015_September_24 from #Shadow_Of_Knowledge.2 USA ISBN : 978-1-63972-043-9.***If one of your scope is probe The Truth, then luck for"Book of Millennium III""America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals"***is coming and itsThe Book which to be in every Scientist Library , every University Library because is coming with a new Logic , Analytics METHODS in Science . Isn't Changing #Mathematics , #Physics or #Logic is completing all and to hope is a new Step into #Good_Morning_Future revealing #Universal_Knowledge.Down, a short presentation:***ADDRESSING TO #University 's , #Teachers , and I think even #High_Schools can afford those fundamentals now******For 400 years Fermat's Last Theorem was a big provocation , maybe the biggest ever one, excluding Fermat - Murgu Theorem , for Science Community, but begin with 2015 September 24 , Fermat's Last Theorem is a very important FUNDAMENTAL in Science Stated via 2 all Science rigor Analytic Methods******By 6 years I am waiting critics about using "Ion Murgu - The Lost Fundamental" Identities for Analytic Method "Fermat - Murgu Impossible Equations" which sent Fermat's Last Theorem in FUNDAMENTAL, even if I get second Method for (Ion Murgu - Double False Redundancy Of Truth coupled with Euler - Murgu Equations 1=1 to can explain all about. But for sure "The Book Of Millennium III", "America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals" will do it******Sorry, if you get it more times! Is a pledge to honor Fermat with his natural right demonstrated now by AEPDF, and a pledge to introduce in Schools two new absolute truth Fundamentals hided by 2015 September 24 and you can interpret it with your proper editorial point of view.Fermat - Murgu Theorem - the biggest ever challenge for Scientists , Science Community and all! At the last Science need it for powers 4,5 and 6 for #Mathematics_Functional . I can't force it into Mathematics Millennium Prize , but I pledge for in front of #Science_Community !******Under #Humanity_Natural_Law_Of_Copyright FERMAT get HIS rights to a FUNDAMENTAL IN SCIENCE BECAUSE by 7 years AEPDF demonstrate via 2 Methods with respect for rigor, accuracy and fort all n's (2 to infinity) Fermat stated an absolute truth.***Declaration: "Doesn't matter how much I love 400 years #Fermat_Last_Theorem_Team (a long list including last #Proof_Team) which make a gigantic work, I can't let it to fly with error included which can propagate False into Science of future. Truth is our chance to eternity . for humans I mean"***Fermat have the rights to HIS #Science_Fundamental even if really didn't demonstrated it and tormented #Science_Society for 400 years, NOW, via AEPDF we demonstrated , HIM was right and pointed to an important Science needed TRUTH***#USA #USA_Proud #Proud_USA for The Biggest contribution anyone make ever to #Humanity_Science_And_Culture_Thesaurus !***America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals***(BIGGEST EVER HUMANITY SCIENCE & CULTURE THESAURUS ) &The biggest ever 2 Discovery, REVEALED Hided Absolute Truths , REVEALED Cultural , Logical AND even Philosophical future development because:- blessed Pythagorean Triples as Fermat's Last Theorem as blessed exceptions offering to this group in Math new important properties.- Integrated Irrational Field , but more then that defined it in maybe correct mode.- Brought basic of Functional via #Ion_Murgu_Math_Millennium_Equations , #Mathematics_Functional begin here.- closed a 400 years Science Torment, solving with clarity, accuracy , all science and logical rigor Fermat's Last Theorem SENDING IT in Fundamental.- closed a 400 years Science Torment, by two accurate, clear, all science rigor via 2 Methods:1. Fermat - Murgu Impossible Equations .2. Ion Murgu - Double False Redundancy Of Truth coupled with Euler - Murgu Equations 1 Equal 1.-By Now, #Mathematics_Is_Science and ever by now, #Science_Need_Math_For_Its_logic, with rigor and accuracy included.- brought Fermat - Murgu Theorem , a big provocation for #Functional .- for Physics brought miracle of hope - #Inerton which we will speack about maybe soon.Not a Proof solved Fermat's Last Theorem, a proof is a proof only and for n=3 is a #Math_Logical_Ambiguity . Instead. with accuracy, clarity, absolute rigor and for general cases, DID IT :***America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals***(after 40 years of crazy work)- if I am addressing also to #Physics_And_Physicists is because STARTED FOR Physics (and cost my 40 years of crazy work , because make an calculus error , then) and I hope and sure #Physics will explode in good sense - #Good_Morning_Future. Sorry, if it will change any into #Astrophysics , #Cosmology, and even ... , but , if, will be for god of Science.***Fermat - Murgu Quadruplets demonstrated for n=3 we have any modular comportment , but is functional one heavy to follow for a PROOF, and bring ambiguity. You can saw it if make a Analyze also for Murgu Quadruplets for n=2 which point for a modularity also. For a #Mathematician it is easy to see Fermat - Murgu Quadruplets define a Modular Infinity Divergent Conjecture for Fermat Equations instead of Proof Attached Function which mimicking a continuity. Then for power 2 we have also a specific modular comportment. SORRY!******With humble honesty and respect, I announce you : Fermat's Last Theorem is Fundamental in Science by near 7 years***By 6 years I repeat - here isn't about a proof - here is Fermat's Last Theorem SOLVED FOR GENERAL CASES for n 2 to infinity - and it give to Fermat's Last Theorem THE RIGHT TO FUNDAMENTAL IN SCIENCE. ===When Newton wrote law of gravitation him called friends around of world & Mars, to ask if #Apple fall in the same mode everywhere?=== A fundamental need to be fulfilled in #Absolute_Truth! When speak about Cognition must to luck for absolute truth.***America Earth Proud Day Fundamentals***BROUGHT MIRACLES IN SCIENCE:1. Get Basic of Functional in Mathematics.2. Sent Fermat's Last Theorem in Fundamental via 2 accurate and general methods.3. Get Math Logic Ambiguity via #Ion_Murgu_Double_False_Redundancy_Of_Truth.4. Integrated Irrational field via Fermat Equations.5. New accurate Algebraic Groups for Linear Algebra correct properties.6. Blessed Pythagorean Triples as Fermat's Last Theorem exceptions which confirm the rule.7. Pythagoras Theorem from Fermat's Last Theorem.8. Pythagorean Prime Numbers a beauty and more***9. Get Euler - Murgu Equations 1 =1 (first equations of Recursive Stability of Form) which in connection with Ion Murgu Double False Redundancy Of Truth demonstrated also Fermat was right.10. Get Fermat -Murgu Quadruplets , a new important Group in Linear Algebra but also connected with Murgu Quadruplets demonstrated ambiguity of Modular for Fermat Equations.11. Fermat - Murgu Theorem a big provocation for #Linear_Algebra_Functional maybe a new Math domain?12. A LOT MORE ..**Into SCIENCE Saint Day 2015 September 24 *A M E R I C A* , *U S A*, brought , via Physicist Ion Murgu From Ohio, the biggest Contribution ever anybody make to Humanity Science And Culture Thesaurus*** *****AMERICA EARTH PROUD DAY FUNDAMENTALS***** ***The Book Of Millennium - "AMERICA Earth Proud Day Fundamentals" finish time and ready , Now work for #Science_Fiction_Book until prov contrary - "Inerton or The Tear Of Geea" and #IonMurguCUTandPT345Resonator soon******#America_Earth_Proud_Day_Fundamentals #Biggest_Science_Contribution_Ever anybody make in #Mathematics_And_Science and even #Culture , 2 Absolute_Truth_Science_Fundamentals in #USA_Saint_Day_2015_September_24 which #Named_America_For_Eternity #America and come whit a important #University_Challenge - #Fermat_Murgu_Theorem ***"https://www.climaticdisorder.com/hstp/"
Also an USA big Science & Culture Thesaurus. With humble honesty I announce you : Fermat's Last Theorem is Fundamental in Science by near 7 years. To understood it I will say : Fermat Equations are mirroring between negative and positive axle, and problem into [-1, 1] is reflecting in complex calculus too and denoting the comportment between [-n,n], but also normally reflecting property of zero and unity over multiply.I am very sorry that #Fermat_s_Last_Theorem_Proof_Team_Fall to demonstrate FLT is fundamental and fall over the proof too! ***THE BIGGEST HUMAN DISCOVERY EVER - TWO FUNDAMENTALS BROUGHT ALSO NEW HOPES INTO SCIENCE LOGIC*** #State_Of_Fundamental_Absolute_Truth #USA #America #America_University #USA_Science ***For My , and by near 7 years, only for My, down here are The Best Discovery in #Physics, and I hope for all #Scientists also soon after understanding it , 2 fundamentals which can revolutionize #Physics_Logic , but for #Mathematics are Beauty which discovered #Basic_Of_Functional_In_Mathematics and eroded #Mathematics_Logic_Ambiguity via #Ion_Murgu_Double_False_Redundancy_Of_Truth*** #Duck boy, #Facebook , #Google , #CISCO , #Verizon , etc. join to #Climatic_Disorder_DOTCOM to try to fight against Climatic disorders which can send #Earth to #Climate_Change and Climatic change either. We already confront 2 dangerous disorders , Climate Disorder at dangerous state, and Biologic_Disorder which put #Humanity into Danger of Induced_Ephemeral and can to revers our evolution! ***Into SCIENCE Saint Day 2015 September 24 *A M E R I C A* , *U S A*, brought , via Physicist Ion Murgu From Ohio, the biggest Contribution ever anybody make to Humanity Science And Culture Thesaurus*** *****AMERICA EARTH PROUD DAY FUNDAMENTALS***** ***The Book Of Millennium - "AMERICA Earth Proud Day Fundamentals" finish time and ready , Now work for #Science_Fiction_Book until prov contrary - "Inerton or The Tear Of Geea" and #IonMurguCUTandPT345Resonator soon*** First a word for a real Physicist : "For a Physicist a Mass isn't any to eat , isn't meal at all." - #Ion_Murgu_From_Ohio_USA . ***This is coming from #Physics , and I hope will bring a lot there first, then #Physicist luck and learn and research in logic , maybe we will get any tools for! Also now #Mathematics is reunite whit Physics and #Chemistry for a #Good_Morning_Future in Science***This was getting from #Physics because My initial scope wasn't Fermat's Last Theorem but instead a #Powers_Analyze for connecting to a Math_Physics_Functional and by sending Fermat's Last Theorem into Fundamental in Science vi an accurate, general cases inclusion, rigor and wearing #Absolute_Truth I did it and I get for what I was lucking more then 40 years ago when I trusting my precision calculus I lost this #Beauty_Math_Propriety of #Powers_Functional and for sure I get also what I was lucking for for #Physics . ***https://www.facebook.com/groups/488403171290233/posts/2390956387701559/*** ***#America_Earth_Proud_Day_Fundamentals #Biggest_Science_Contribution_Ever anybody make in #Mathematics_And_Science and even #Culture , 2 Absolute_Truth_Science_Fundamentals in #USA_Saint_Day_2015_September_24 which #Named_America_For_Eternity #America #USA and come whit a important #University_Challenge , #Academy_Challenge as #Mathematics_Millennium_Prize #Fermat_Murgu_Theorem not to change #Mathematics or #Science , or #Physics or #Linear_Algebra but to complete it with correct #Mathematics_Functional and even #Approximation #Gaussian_Approximation_Era and #Science_Logic***I am sorry Fermat's Last Theorem Proof Team was going in a wrong way: function used included a doubted approximation and used a false modular method instead of a multi functional one. AND A PROOF NEVER into accuracy and rigorous Science Logic can't declare any FUNDAMENTAL. #State_Of_Fundamental_Absolute_Truth . "https://www.climaticdisorder.com/hstp"