National Park Service History

National Park Service History This is the official page for the Park History Program of the National Park Service. https://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/contactus.htm The Park History Program, begun in 1931, preserves and protects our nation’s cultural and natural resources by conducting research on national parks, national historic landmarks, park planning and special history studies, oral histories, and interpretive and management plans.
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Our staff helps evaluate proposed new parks, and we support cultural resources personnel in parks, regional offices, and Washington in all matters relating to the history and mission of the Park Service. Located in Washington and led by the chief historian, the program has specialized initiatives in Bureau history, Oral history, and Maritime history.

Operating as usual

Yesterday, #May2 marked the anniversary of the first game played by the Negro National Baseball League. The game was hel...
05/03/2021

Yesterday, #May2 marked the anniversary of the first game played by the Negro National Baseball League. The game was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1920. The Negro League originally consisted of eight teams.

The original eight Negro teams were: Chicago American Giants, Chicago Giants, Cuban Stars, Dayton Marcos, Detroit Stars, Kansas City Monarchs, Indianapolis ABCs, and the St. Louis Giants.

Learn about Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Council of Negro Women's collaboration with the Homestead Grays baseball team during World War II to raise the funds to build the S.S. Harriet Tubman. (See Bottom Photo)
https://www.nps.gov/teachers/classrooms/negro-league-baseball-and-its-connection-to-mrs-mary-mcleod-bethune.htm

#AACRN #OnThisDay #NPS

Carl Sandburg was a native of Galesburg, Illinois born in the 1870s. Sandburg, born to a poor family, understood the mea...
04/19/2021

Carl Sandburg was a native of Galesburg, Illinois born in the 1870s. Sandburg, born to a poor family, understood the meaning of hard work. He worked a series of odd jobs before serving time in the 6th Illinois Infantry to support his family. After this, he pursued his academic endeavors by attending Lombard College.

One of his life-changing career opportunities was writing for the Chicago Daily News. It was there that he began publishing his first collection of poems and other written works.

After the famous writer, folk singer, social activist, and Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and biographer Carl Sandburg died on June 22, 1967, his wife Lilian determined that his legacy and home in Flat Rock, NC should be preserved forever. She gave her support to North Carolina Congressman Roy Taylor and Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall in authorizing the Carl Sandburg Home as a National Park.
To learn more about Sandburg and the Carl Sandburg Home in North Carolina, please follow the link below.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful #getinvolved
https://www.nps.gov/carl/learn/photosmultimedia/virtualtour.htm

Carl Sandburg was a native of Galesburg, Illinois born in the 1870s. Sandburg, born to a poor family, understood the meaning of hard work. He worked a series of odd jobs before serving time in the 6th Illinois Infantry to support his family. After this, he pursued his academic endeavors by attending Lombard College.

One of his life-changing career opportunities was writing for the Chicago Daily News. It was there that he began publishing his first collection of poems and other written works.

After the famous writer, folk singer, social activist, and Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and biographer Carl Sandburg died on June 22, 1967, his wife Lilian determined that his legacy and home in Flat Rock, NC should be preserved forever. She gave her support to North Carolina Congressman Roy Taylor and Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall in authorizing the Carl Sandburg Home as a National Park.
To learn more about Sandburg and the Carl Sandburg Home in North Carolina, please follow the link below.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful #getinvolved
https://www.nps.gov/carl/learn/photosmultimedia/virtualtour.htm

Before the era of modern mail delivery, there was the Pony Express. The Pony Express began in April of 1860 and continue...
04/13/2021

Before the era of modern mail delivery, there was the Pony Express. The Pony Express began in April of 1860 and continued until October of 1861. While operating for eighteen months, this mail delivery system increased communication from the East to the West. The Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company now referred to as the Pony Express, was created by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddel.

More than 1,800 miles in 10 days! From St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California the Pony Express could deliver a letter faster than ever before. The Pony Express nevertheless has become synonymous with the Old West.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful

To learn more about Pony Express and its historic trail sites, please follow the link below.
https://www.nps.gov/poex/index.htm

Before the era of modern mail delivery, there was the Pony Express. The Pony Express began in April of 1860 and continued until October of 1861. While operating for eighteen months, this mail delivery system increased communication from the East to the West. The Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company now referred to as the Pony Express, was created by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddel.

More than 1,800 miles in 10 days! From St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California the Pony Express could deliver a letter faster than ever before. The Pony Express nevertheless has become synonymous with the Old West.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful

To learn more about Pony Express and its historic trail sites, please follow the link below.
https://www.nps.gov/poex/index.htm

Yellowstone wasn’t the only park to have a woman ranger in 1922. That same year, Ms. Lydia Barrette became the first tem...
04/06/2021

Yellowstone wasn’t the only park to have a woman ranger in 1922. That same year, Ms. Lydia Barrette became the first temporary women ranger at Hawai’i National Park (now Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park and Haleakalā National Park).

Barrette was a native of Honolulu, Hawaii, and carried out numerous duties during her time as a temporary ranger. She was charged with the responsibilities of organizing hiking parties, tour-guiding, and highlighting park features to visitors, amongst other tasks.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful #GetInvolved

To read more about Ms. Lydia Barrette, please follow the link below.
https://www.nps.gov/articles/000/the-first-woman-ranger-at-hawai-i-national-park.htm

Yellowstone wasn’t the only park to have a woman ranger in 1922. That same year, Ms. Lydia Barrette became the first temporary women ranger at Hawai’i National Park (now Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park and Haleakalā National Park).

Barrette was a native of Honolulu, Hawaii, and carried out numerous duties during her time as a temporary ranger. She was charged with the responsibilities of organizing hiking parties, tour-guiding, and highlighting park features to visitors, amongst other tasks.
#NPS #KeepAmericaBeautiful #GetInvolved

To read more about Ms. Lydia Barrette, please follow the link below.
https://www.nps.gov/articles/000/the-first-woman-ranger-at-hawai-i-national-park.htm

Septima Poinsette Clark was a civil rights activist born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1898. She attended the Avery N...
03/30/2021

Septima Poinsette Clark was a civil rights activist born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1898. She attended the Avery Normal Institute and graduated in 1916. When she was 18, Clark started her career as a school teacher in a one-room schoolhouse.

Clark wanted to do more to advance the rights of African Americans, thus joining the Charleston branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

To read more about Septima Clark and other women of the Civil Rights Movement, please follow the link below.
#AACRN #NPS #WomenoftheCRM

https://www.nps.gov/articles/000/navigating-racial-freedom-and-womanhood-black-women-in-the-civil-rights-movement.htm

Septima Poinsette Clark was a civil rights activist born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1898. She attended the Avery Normal Institute and graduated in 1916. When she was 18, Clark started her career as a school teacher in a one-room schoolhouse.

Clark wanted to do more to advance the rights of African Americans, thus joining the Charleston branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

To read more about Septima Clark and other women of the Civil Rights Movement, please follow the link below.
#AACRN #NPS #WomenoftheCRM

https://www.nps.gov/articles/000/navigating-racial-freedom-and-womanhood-black-women-in-the-civil-rights-movement.htm

Congratulations to the South Carolina Equalization Schools Website, on being added to the African American Civil Rights ...
03/22/2021

Congratulations to the South Carolina Equalization Schools Website, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The website tells the story of a sustained political, economic, and social effort to maintain segregated public schools in the state. The story of the equalization school program fits into the long struggle for equal access to public education for African Americans and the eventual fight to desegregate the public school system in the South.
The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century and still impact our country
today. The S.C. Equalization Schools Website plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
#AACRN #nps

https://go.nps.gov/150kt8

Congratulations to the South Carolina Equalization Schools Website, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The website tells the story of a sustained political, economic, and social effort to maintain segregated public schools in the state. The story of the equalization school program fits into the long struggle for equal access to public education for African Americans and the eventual fight to desegregate the public school system in the South.
The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century and still impact our country
today. The S.C. Equalization Schools Website plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
#AACRN #nps

https://go.nps.gov/150kt8

Congratulations to the Waverly Historic District of South Carolina, on being added to the African American Civil Rights ...
03/09/2021

Congratulations to the Waverly Historic District of South Carolina, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network! Established shortly after the Civil War, Waverly Historic District is significant as Columbia’s first suburb and incorporated into Columbia city limits in 1913.

The former site of Waverly Five & Dime, one of several establishments operated by entrepreneur and political activist George Elmore, is located here.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century and still impact our country today. Waverly Historic District plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network.

#AACRN #NPS

For more information, please follow the link below.
https://go.nps.gov/1tckry

Congratulations to the Waverly Historic District of South Carolina, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network! Established shortly after the Civil War, Waverly Historic District is significant as Columbia’s first suburb and incorporated into Columbia city limits in 1913.

The former site of Waverly Five & Dime, one of several establishments operated by entrepreneur and political activist George Elmore, is located here.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century and still impact our country today. Waverly Historic District plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network.

#AACRN #NPS

For more information, please follow the link below.
https://go.nps.gov/1tckry

Congratulations to the St. George Rosenwald School on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network! In the 1...
03/03/2021

Congratulations to the St. George Rosenwald School on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!

In the 1960s, the Rosenwald School building served as a meeting and training site for Civil Rights workers in the Dorchester County Civil Rights movement. Meetings for Black citizens were held also to help prepare them to register and vote.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. St. George Rosenwald School plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!

For more information, please follow the link below.
https://go.nps.gov/86cpt3

Congratulations to the St. George Rosenwald School on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!

In the 1960s, the Rosenwald School building served as a meeting and training site for Civil Rights workers in the Dorchester County Civil Rights movement. Meetings for Black citizens were held also to help prepare them to register and vote.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. St. George Rosenwald School plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!

For more information, please follow the link below.
https://go.nps.gov/86cpt3

Congratulations to the Harriet and Stephen Meyers Residence on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!...
03/02/2021

Congratulations to the Harriet and Stephen Meyers Residence on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The building now known as The Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence in Albany County, New York was the mid-1850s office of the Vigilance Committee of Albany.

This group, composed of Black abolitionists, was active in the underground railroad from the early 1840s up into the Civil War. The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today.

The Harriet and Stephen Meyers Residence plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
https://go.nps.gov/1lx3a0

#AACRN #NPS

Congratulations to the Harriet and Stephen Meyers Residence on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The building now known as The Stephen and Harriet Myers Residence in Albany County, New York was the mid-1850s office of the Vigilance Committee of Albany.

This group, composed of Black abolitionists, was active in the underground railroad from the early 1840s up into the Civil War. The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today.

The Harriet and Stephen Meyers Residence plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
https://go.nps.gov/1lx3a0

#AACRN #NPS

Congratulations to the Glenwood Cemetery on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network! Glenwood Cemetery ...
03/01/2021

Congratulations to the Glenwood Cemetery on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
Glenwood Cemetery is an African American cemetery in Alabama that replaced the original slave cemetery, known as “Georgia.”

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. Glenwood Cemetery plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
#AACRN #NPS

https://go.nps.gov/glenwood

Congratulations to the Glenwood Cemetery on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
Glenwood Cemetery is an African American cemetery in Alabama that replaced the original slave cemetery, known as “Georgia.”

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. Glenwood Cemetery plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
#AACRN #NPS

https://go.nps.gov/glenwood

Congratulations to the Council of Federated Organizations Civil Rights Education Center, on being added to the African A...
02/25/2021

Congratulations to the Council of Federated Organizations Civil Rights Education Center, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!

In 1961, the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) was established as an umbrella organization to unify and meet the needs of an increasing presence of civil rights organizations in Mississippi, including SNCC, CORE, SCLC, the NAACP and more.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. The COFO plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
https://go.nps.gov/COFO

Congratulations to the Council of Federated Organizations Civil Rights Education Center, on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!

In 1961, the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) was established as an umbrella organization to unify and meet the needs of an increasing presence of civil rights organizations in Mississippi, including SNCC, CORE, SCLC, the NAACP and more.

The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. The COFO plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network!
https://go.nps.gov/COFO

Congratulations to the Margaret Walker Center on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network! The Margaret ...
02/24/2021

Congratulations to the Margaret Walker Center on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The Margaret Walker Center (MWC) of Mississippi at Jackson State University, is an archive and museum dedicated to African American history and culture. It was founded by Margaret Walker, a writer and scholar, as the Institute for the Study of the History, Life, and Culture of Black People.
The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. The MWC plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network.
#AACRN #BHM #NPS
https://go.nps.gov/MW

Congratulations to the Margaret Walker Center on being added to the African American Civil Rights Network!
The Margaret Walker Center (MWC) of Mississippi at Jackson State University, is an archive and museum dedicated to African American history and culture. It was founded by Margaret Walker, a writer and scholar, as the Institute for the Study of the History, Life, and Culture of Black People.
The African American Civil Rights Network seeks to tell the story of the men and women whose bravery and sacrifices shaped the movement in the mid-20th century, and still impact our country today. The MWC plays a critical role in this story, and we are pleased to include it in the Network.
#AACRN #BHM #NPS
https://go.nps.gov/MW

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